KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

The Roman Pottery of Kent
by Dr Richard J. Pollard  -  Chapter 4  page 156
Doctoral thesis completed in 1982, published 1988

colour-coated and buff wares, Mancetter-Hartshill white ware, and Argonne red colour-coated ware also occur; Hartley’s map (Hartley 1973a, fig. 6) implies that Mancetter-Hartshill wares were also widely distributed, and may be confined to the fourth century, in east Kent (Hartley 1968). One fragment of Argonne ware, from Port Lympne, can only be given a broad later second- to fourth-century date (Young 1980, 277). Hartley (1968) has recorded a New Forest ware vessel at Richborough, but this find is not confirmed by Fulford (1975a). The late fourth-century pottery groups from Canterbury are not large enough to enable any decline in mortarium usage (cf. the preceding section) to be detected. There is no reason to disbelieve that Oxfordshire wares at least were imported throughout the fourth and into the early fifth century.
   There is no information on the importation of amphorae to east Kent known to the present author at the time of writing. The report on Canterbury amphorae of the late Iron Age and Roman periods prepared by Arthur (1986) may change this situation.

4. The Coarse Wares of Central-Northern Kent

The evidence of fourth-century pottery from this region is derived from small collections of funerary material from Milton, Sittingbourne and Faversham, a handful of burial groups from Ospringe, and unstratified sherds from Radfield, Brenley Corner and Ospringe. The ascription of coarse pottery to this century is dependent upon the association with externally-dateable fine wares, mostly colour-coated vessels from Oxfordshire and the Nene valley. These can generally only give a late third- to fourth-century date-range, although fourth-century forms have been found on most sites, excepting Faversham and Brenley Corner, the latter having produced fourth-century coins,

  The presence of these fine wares implies that this region participated in the extensive trade in ceramics in the fourth century. This is underlined by the occurrence of Alice Holt grey ware flagons at Ospringe and Sittingbourne, and a ‘Portchester "D" jar at Milton. Two dishes from the Ospringe cemetery are of fourth-century form (Gillam 1970, Type 330) and may both be in Dorset BB1 (see also 4.IV.4 above). Local production of reduced sand-tempered wheel-thrown wares may have continued, although there is no direct evidence of this. Several examples of ‘Alice Holt type’ grey sandy ware globular jars (Lyne and Jefferies 1979, Class 3B. 11) have been recorded, from Ospringe (Whiting et al. 1931, no. 499), Milton and Sittingbourne, the Milton vessels being apparently unslipped. Fine grey sandy slipped tall-necked bulbous beakers from Milton and Faversham are of uncertain origin, but could conceivably be from a Kent source. One possible ‘east Kent’ BB1 vessel (4.IV.3, 4.V.3) a bead-and-flange dish, is in an unstratified collection of sherds from Ospringe. Grog-tempered wares are ubiquitous, but as with other late fabrics in this region their date of introduction cannot, at present, be ascertained (4.IV.4). Vessels in this ware include jars from burials at Ospringe and Milton and from an unstratified level at Radfield, and dog-dishes from burials at Milton and Faversham. Mortaria are mostly from the Oxfordshire industry, but a painted Nene Valley vessel has been recorded at Radfield. The one possible fourth-century amphora, from Ospringe, has been discussed above (4.IV.4).
   There are insufficient data to allow Jaccard’s correlation coefficients to be calculated. It should, however, be noted that fourth-century Continental imports have yet to be positively identified in this region, although a wide range of Romano-British imports are present (cf.

Page 156

Page 155       Back to Chapter 4       Contents Page         Page 157

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back to Publications On-line               Back to Research Page            Back to Homepage                 

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society 2004

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too