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The Roman Pottery of Kent
by Dr Richard J. Pollard  -  Chapter 4  page 143
Doctoral thesis completed in 1982, published 1988

Kent to provide comparable statistics to those from Lankhills, but the establishment of a pewter works at Ickham, between Canterbury and Richborough, must have provided competition for the pottery importers (Young 1975).
   It is important to distinguish between pottery imported as objects of trade and as items of personal possession. There can be no doubting the existence of an extensive trade network encompassing Oxfordshire, Nene Valley, Much Hadham and Argonne wares in Kent. However, as with ĎAfrican Red Slipí ware, the possibility that the rarer wares were purchased elsewhere in Britain or on the Continent and brought into Kent amongst personal baggage should not be overlooked. A large volume of traffic between Britain and the Continent is implied by Ammianus Marcellinusí reference (xviii, 2, 3) to a regular movement of corn from Britain although this may have been an exclusive cargo (Fulford 1978c); movement of troops into Britain through Richborough is also attested in A.D. 360 under Lupicinus (Ammianus, xx, 1; xx, 99) and in A.D. 368 under Theodosius (Zosimus, iv, 35, 5). The Saxon Shore forts also presumably generated a considerable amount of coastal trade, to which the extended distribution of New Forest and Pevensey colour-coated wares in the Straits of Dover and beyond may in some measure be ascribed (cf. Young 1977b); it is becoming clear that these bases were not inhabited solely by military personnel, but by others as well (Cunliffe 1977), and large extra-mural settlements could also be attached to the forts (e.g. at Brancaster: Edwards and Green 1977). BB1 from Dorset was also exported up the Channel to south-east Britain (see the following section), and is one of several late Romano-British wares to have been recorded on the Continent (Fulford 1977a; 1978c). It is noticeable that several of these sites receiving Romano-British pottery are military bases as well as civilian 

settlements including Oudenburg, Boulogne and Alet. However, this may reflect a recovery bias towards sites of this type; in  Britain, Canterbury appears to have played a significant part in receiving Continental fine wares, but the city is not known to have had any military functions other than those appropriate to any walled town. It seems more likely, therefore, that both military personnel and civilians played a part in the private importation of fine pottery for their own use, and that the distribution of the rarer wares may be a reflection of the places in which these mobile individuals chose to live.

2. The Coarse Wares of West Kent

The fourth century witnessed a number of changes in the supply of pottery to west Kent, which in sum amounted to a radical transformation from the situation that had appertained since the late Hadrianic period. Three main factors may be defined; the demise of BB2 and fine sandy burnished ware production, both in north-west Kent and, seemingly, in southern Essex; a synchronous increase in the importation of exotic coarse pottery, mainly of slipped grey fine sandy ware from the Alice Holt-Farnham industry on the borders of Hampshire and Surrey, but also of coarse buff sandy ware from the same source, dense, buff Mayen ware from the Rhineland, BB1 from Dorset, and grey fine sandy ware from Much Hadham in Hertfordshire; and thirdly, the re-emergence of a hand-made, grog-tempered, ware in widespread use for jars and dishes, after a period of some two hundred years since the disappearance of hand-made, non-sandy wares as a regular feature of coarse pottery assemblages (storage jars apart). These three factors all mark a break with the traditions and commercial practices of the third century (4.IV.2) and, although the rapidity of the changes cannot be closely monitored in the

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