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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 91    1975  page 44
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1974: Thirteenth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

II. Post-Roman, c. A.D. 400-650
   Ditch XV (Fig. 1) was further sectioned and its known length increased to some 87 ft. (26.10 m.); nothing further can at present be added about the purpose of this ditch. It was in use in the period following the abandonment of the villa, as the ditch had been cut through the debris layer spread in this area, but before this part of the site became an Anglo-Saxon burial ground after c. A.D. 650, as some burials were found interred in the line of this ditch wherever this was convenient.

III. Anglo-Saxon, Later Than c. A.D. 650
   Several new burials were found, mostly in the unexcavated area to south-east of the Romano-British villa; they were all aligned approximately east-to-west and clearly Christian, which is underlined by the total absence of grave goods with these burials.
   Trenching to east of the furthest 1973 trench (Fig. 1) has brought to light no additional burials, and this suggests that the Anglo-Saxon cemetery may not have extended into this area.11
A number of post-holes were recorded in two trenches adjacent to the cemetery; the timbers they had contained must have been quite substantial and, in some cases, large post-pits had been dug for the insertion of the posts, which were packed with rubble into their holes driven into the subsoil at much greater depth than the post-pits. Not enough of these post-holes have been so far recorded to attempt a reconstruction of the building to which they belonged, but it is clear that a wooden structure had been erected adjacent to the Anglo-Saxon cemetery and, possibly, at the time when the burial ground was in use.

IV. Medieval, Thirteenth Century
   Trenching in the area of the medieval site12 showed that the rough cobbling extended to south-east beyond the limits of the 1973 excavation; it survived as loose rubble of stone and tiles embedded in the subsoil.
   Ditch XVII (Fig. 4) was further traced turning to south; it retained the same U-shaped outline, vertical sides and width as recorded last year, but its function is not yet known.

Summary and Discussion
   The main problems of interpretation of the site and the outstanding questions are as follows:
   11 However, work in 1975 has recovered, in a trench sectioning Ditch X beyond its 1974 limit to north-east, a fresh burial belonging to the pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon period; this burial may represent the beginning of another section of the cemetery after a gap of some 30 ft. or prove to be an outlier.
12  Arch. Cant., lxxxix (1974), Fig. 1, 132-3.

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