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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 91    1975  page 43
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1974: Thirteenth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

   To these periods also belongs a large rubbish deposit, which was found spread immediately below the topsoil in the area to north-east of Ditch XI (Fig. 1); it contained great quantities of demolition debris, resulting from the re-building activity known to have been undertaken about that time, and domestic refuse, which contained an ivory knife-handle carved to represent Hercules.7
South-west (Baths) Wing. The main reason for the excavation in this area (Fig. 3) was to investigate the possibility that the sleeper-beams of the small granary, found last year below the hypocaust underfloors of Rooms 20 and 133,8 had extended to south-west beyond the baths' outer wall.
   The whole area immediately to south-west of the baths was found to be occupied with much debris, mostly of roofing-tiles, clearly resulting from the collapse of the building's roof; however, excavation at depth showed that the granary's sleeper-beams did not project beyond the baths' south-west wall. Though it is not impossible that this granary had sleeper-beams at right angles to those already recorded, it is more likely that it was built on the four open-ended sleeper-beams.
   Trenching in this area exposed a length of wall, constructed of ragstone and yellow mortar and 2 ft. (0.60 m.) wide, continuing to north-west the alignment of a similar wall first recorded in 1962 ;9 this wall clearly belongs to the early building in this area, which was demolished in subsequent reconstructions.8 No evidence survived to show how this building was floored.
   A very narrow and shallow gully was also recorded to south-west of this early wall, but not enough of this feature is so far known to attempt even a tentative interpretation.
   Immediately to south-west of the baths' wall, a wide channel was recorded in two trenches; it had been filled with the demolition debris occupying this area. Though no evidence at all survived for the tiling necessary for its sides and bottom, it is clear that this channel represents the surviving remains of the outflow drain used for the disposal of water from the baths' piscina (Room 17); this drain was located in 196210 at the west angle of the baths, though in the narrow space of the excavation trench it was not possible to establish how this drain continued beyond the north-west wall of the baths. However, it is clear now that water was drained away from the baths in a westerly direction by means of this channel.
   7 I am grateful to Professor J. M. C. Toynbee, M.A., D.Phil., F.B.A., F.S.A., for her comments on this object; cf. Antiq. Journ., lv (1975), 406-7.
   8 Arch. Cant., lxxxix (1974), Fig. 3, 123.
   Ibid., lxxxviii (1973), Fig. 2, 128.
  10 Ibid., 138.

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