To these periods also belongs
a large rubbish deposit, which was found spread immediately
below the topsoil in the area to north-east of Ditch XI (Fig.
1); it contained great quantities of demolition debris,
resulting from the re-building activity known to have been
undertaken about that time, and domestic refuse, which
contained an ivory knife-handle carved to represent Hercules.7
South-west (Baths) Wing. The main
reason for the excavation in this area (Fig.
3) was to investigate the possibility that the
sleeper-beams of the small granary, found last year below the
hypocaust underfloors of Rooms 20 and 133,8 had
extended to south-west beyond the baths' outer wall.
The whole area immediately to south-west of the
baths was found to be occupied with much debris, mostly of
roofing-tiles, clearly resulting from the collapse of the
building's roof; however, excavation at depth showed that the
granary's sleeper-beams did not project beyond the baths'
south-west wall. Though it is not impossible that this granary
had sleeper-beams at right angles to those already recorded,
it is more likely that it was built on the four open-ended
Trenching in this area exposed a length of wall,
constructed of ragstone and yellow mortar and 2 ft. (0.60 m.)
wide, continuing to north-west the alignment of a similar wall
first recorded in 1962 ;9 this wall clearly belongs
to the early building in this area, which was demolished in
subsequent reconstructions.8 No evidence survived
to show how this building was floored.
A very narrow and shallow gully was also recorded
to south-west of this early wall, but not enough of this
feature is so far known to attempt even a tentative
Immediately to south-west of the baths' wall, a
wide channel was recorded in two trenches; it had been filled
with the demolition debris occupying this area. Though no
evidence at all survived for the tiling necessary for its
sides and bottom, it is clear that this channel represents the
surviving remains of the outflow drain used for the disposal
of water from the baths' piscina (Room 17); this drain
was located in 196210 at the west angle of the
baths, though in the narrow space of the excavation trench it
was not possible to establish how this drain continued beyond
the north-west wall of the baths. However, it is clear now
that water was drained away from the baths in a westerly
direction by means of this channel.
am grateful to Professor J. M. C. Toynbee, M.A., D.Phil.,
F.B.A., F.S.A., for her comments on this object; cf. Antiq.
Journ., lv (1975), 406-7.
8 Arch. Cant., lxxxix (1974),
Fig. 3, 123.
9 Ibid., lxxxviii (1973),
Fig. 2, 128.
10 Ibid., 138.