Archaeology, University of Oxford; and Dr. J. P. C. Kent, B.A.,
Ph.D., F.S.A., for identifying the coins. I also owe a great
debt to Miss S. J. Marsh, for her assistance with the records of
this excavation and much help with the compilation of this
This year's work was concentrated in areas to
south, south-east and south-west of the villa and to south-west
of its baths wing; the results of this excavation (Figs.
l-4) are reported below within the chronological period to
which each feature is assigned.
I. Late Iron Age/Romano-British
Periods I—II, to c. A.D. 65
Ditch X. Several new trenches2 were
cut across the line of this feature and its known length
increased to some 234 ft. (70.20 m.); as in 1973,3
the V-shaped outline of this ditch showed unmistakable traces of
a shallow cleaning channel at its bottom, rather like the
box-gutter of military ditches, and its back-filling contained
some sherds of early samian ware as well as coarse pottery, some
of which had been manufactured at Site D.4 From the
amount of silt present at the bottom of this ditch, it is clear
that it had not remained open for very long; its present length
indicates an enclosure of some size, though no evidence has been
found so far, at either end of the excavated trenches, for a
change in direction.
Ditch XI. As a result of new trenches across
the line of this ditch, it is now known that its alignment
changes slightly to east; the excavated length of this ditch has
reached 58 ft. 6 in. (17.20 m.). Its shape is as recorded in
1972, 6 it was noted that the filling of Ditch XI
consisted mostly of clean subsoil and that there was virtually
no silt at its bottom.
The purpose of either of these two ditches is not
Periods IV-V, c. A.D. 120-290
Ditch VIII (Fig. 2) was again sectioned and
found to come to a rounded end 30 ft. (9.00 m.) to north-east of
the point reached in previous years of work6;
trenching beyond this end showed that this ditch did not
continue, after a gap, beyond it. Ditch VIII had been
back-filled with demolition debris and domestic refuse, and its
purpose is almost certainly that of a rubbish pit.
For reasons of economy, this feature is not shown on Fig. 1 to
west of the villa's south-east ring, but of. Arch. Cant., lxxxix
(1974), Fig. 1.
3 Ibid., 120.
4 Ibid., 128-9.
5 Ibid., lxxxviii (1973),
Fig. 1, 74-6.
6 Ibid., lxxxvii (1972),
Fig. 2, 106.