well as many scattered bones which
could not be associated with any individuals. As previously, the
majority of these inhumations had been buried very close to the
bottom of the ploughsoil, laid approximately east to west,
without grave goods and on top of other earlier burials; some of
the latter had personal effects buried with them, including a
complete vessel placed very close to and to right of the skull,
which confirmed the initial dating of this cemetery to the
middle of the seventh century A.D.83
Indications were also found that the north-eastern and
south-eastern limits of the burial ground may be close to the
excavated trenches, but this remains to be confirmed; to
north-west and south-west, its area is delimited by the ruins of
A small medieval tilery (Plate
IIB) was excavated in the
middle of the Romano-British pottery waste debris (Fig.
above, 128-9). This tile-kiln, which measured overall c. 5 ft.
10 in. (1.75 m.) square, had originally been constructed as a
rectangular cutting into the clay subsoil serving, on the three
surviving sides of the kiln, as its wall and reddened by fire to
a depth of 4 in. (0.10 m.) all round. Within this square cutting
had been constructed a central spine crossed at right angles by
the kiln's four flues which were all badly worn, collapsed and
compacted by the weight of the overburden. The central spine had
been built almost entirely of clay-bonded large lumps of
ragstone and boulders and Romano-British roofing- and
bonding-tiles; it was c. 1 ft. (0.30 m.) thick. The flue walls
were constructed of clay-bonded medieval tiles, with some
Romano-British material as well, and had an average thickness of
8 in. (0.20 m.); each flue wall had been pierced by two
arched flues to allow for the transverse circulation of hot air
and gases, each arch on either side of and springing directly
from the central spine. These arches, too, had been built of
medieval tiles and were c. 9 in. (0.225 m.) wide;
soot was found on the subsoil beneath these arches, as well as
in the passages between the flue walls, under a deliberate
back-filling of clean clay and debris. Little survived in
situ of the kiln's floor, but there were indications that
this, too, had been made of medieval tiles.
Though the location of the tilery's stokehole is not in doubt,
little had survived industrial excavation; this is doubly
unfortunate as it, probably, removed any pottery contemporary
with the use of the kiln, which would have confirmed its dating.
On the other hand, it is clear,
38 1 am indebted to Mrs. S.
M.A., F.S.A., for this information.