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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 89    1974  page 130
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1973: Twelfth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

well as many scattered bones which could not be associated with any individuals. As previously, the majority of these inhumations had been buried very close to the bottom of the ploughsoil, laid approximately east to west, without grave goods and on top of other earlier burials; some of the latter had personal effects buried with them, including a complete vessel placed very close to and to right of the skull, which confirmed the initial dating of this cemetery to the middle of the seventh century A.D.83
Indications were also found that the north-eastern and south-eastern limits of the burial ground may be close to the excavated trenches, but this remains to be confirmed; to north-west and south-west, its area is delimited by the ruins of the villa.

IV. Medieval
Site D
A small medieval tilery (Plate IIB) was excavated in the middle of the Romano-British pottery waste debris (Fig. la, and above, 128-9). This tile-kiln, which measured overall c. 5 ft. 10 in. (1.75 m.) square, had originally been constructed as a rectangular cutting into the clay subsoil serving, on the three surviving sides of the kiln, as its wall and reddened by fire to a depth of 4 in. (0.10 m.) all round. Within this square cutting had been constructed a central spine crossed at right angles by the kiln's four flues which were all badly worn, collapsed and compacted by the weight of the overburden. The central spine had been built almost entirely of clay-bonded large lumps of ragstone and boulders and Romano-British roofing- and bonding-tiles; it was c. 1 ft. (0.30 m.) thick. The flue walls were constructed of clay-bonded medieval tiles, with some Romano-British material as well, and had an average thickness of 8 in. (0.20 m.); each flue wall had been pierced by two arched flues to allow for the transverse circulation of hot air and gases, each arch on either side of and springing directly from the central spine. These arches, too, had been built of medieval tiles and were c. 9 in. (0.225 m.) wide; soot was found on the subsoil beneath these arches, as well as in the passages between the flue walls, under a deliberate back-filling of clean clay and debris. Little survived in situ of the kiln's floor, but there were indications that this, too, had been made of medieval tiles.
   Though the location of the tilery's stokehole is not in doubt, little had survived industrial excavation; this is doubly unfortunate as it, probably, removed any pottery contemporary with the use of the kiln, which would have confirmed its dating. On the other hand, it is clear,
   38 1 am indebted to Mrs. S. C. Hawkes, M.A., F.S.A., for this information.

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