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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 89    1974  page 127
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1973: Twelfth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

about 1 ft. 6 in. (0.45 m.) deeper than the highest remnants of its south-west wall surviving slightly above subsoil level.
   The main drain (Plate IB) was completely cleared from the east corner of Room 19 (Period V) to the point where it cut through the south-east wall of the early building (Period IIa; see above, 122) under the later (Period V) Room 21; its construction was confirmed as recorded in 1962.24 The drain channel had been built of roofing-tiles laid on the subsoil, with their flanges uppermost and built partly over by the sides of the channel; this was 9 in. (0.225 m.) wide and internally faced with opus signinum. The walls of the drain were 6 in. (0.125 m.) wide, bedded in a construction trench and consisting of four courses of ragstone alternating with three courses of bonding-tiles set in yellow mortar.

Period V, c.
A.D. 180-400
Resulting from the re-examination of this area, it is now established that Room 20 was not, as reported in 1963 and 1965,25 a single unit, measuring 6 by 24 ft. (1.80 by 7.20 m.), but two separate rooms {Rooms 20 and 133), divided by a 2-ft. (0.60 m.) partition wall, which was completely masked in 1962 by its coincidence with a baulk (Plate IB). Room 133 measured 6 by 11 ft. 4 in. (1.80 by 3.40 m.) and Room 20 is now reduced to 6 by 10 ft. 8 in. (1.80 by 3.20 m.).
   Further exploration below the level of the hypocaust underfloor in Room 42, apart from locating the line of the second baths' wall (Period IV), has shown that the flue from the stokehole (Room 25)26 narrowed down from a width of 2 ft. 1 in. (0.625 m.) to 1 ft. 7 in. (0.445 m.), as it reached the subsoil; it had been laid with yellow mortar burnt to the colour and consistency of brick.
   Re-excavation was also undertaken of the corridor (Room 18) in the area to south-east of Room 132 (Period IV). This space was found filled with a large deposit of painted wall-plaster fragments, some of which had been incorporated in the building of the corridor's north-west wall on top of the Period IV wall, serving as a make-up layer below the floor of the corridor; underneath this deposit, there was another layer, resting on the Romano-British ploughsoil and consisting mainly of domestic refuse. In 1962, in a restricted space mostly occupied by the east corner of Room 18, part of this deposit was excavated and considered to belong to a rubbish pit dug through the corridor floor;2? it is now clear that, though only traces remained of the mortar beneath the tiling of the floor, this rubbish deposit dates the building of the baths, not its destruction, as previously thought. A detailed study of the
   24 Ibid. 129.
   25 Ibid., fig. 3, 139; lxxx (1965), fig. 1, 86-7.
   26 Ibid., lxxix (1964), 131.
   27 Rubbish Pit C, Arch. Cant., lxxviii (1963), fig. 2, 140.

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