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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 89    1974  page 123
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1973: Twelfth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

measuring internally 45 by 48 ft. 9 in. (13.50 by 14.625 m.) and flanked to south-east and south-west by what appears to be a corridor below Rooms 22 and 133 (Period V); this large room had a doorway leading into it, as shown by a gap in the foundations at its south corner. The foundations were laid in construction trenches, c. 2 ft. 4 in, (0.70 m.) wide, and consisted of lumps of undressed ragstone bonded with yellow mortar and opus signinum: the solidity alone of these foundations suggests load-bearing walls of some height.

   Period IIc.
A reconstruction, which may prove contemporary with the building of the first bath-house (Period III), next took place, and this meant the demolition of the second building in this area. The south-east wall of the large room and the corridor were cut by the construction trenches of four sleeper-beams belonging to a small granary13 (Plate IB). The north-east sleeper-beam of this granary could not be located as it must have lain directly underneath the partition wall between Rooms 21 and 133 (Period V) whose construction trench is certain to have been dug much deeper than the level of the sleeper-beam and, consequently, removed all evidence for it; likewise, the south-west sleeper-beam must either have been located below the substantial south-west wall of the Period V baths or beyond it, but this has not yet been confirmed.14
On the other hand, evidence again was found, as a layer of soot and ash directly on the subsoil, for burning,15 which may be contemporary with the destruction of the first baths (Period III)16 though this will have to be confirmed by a fuller study of the associated finds.
   In the north corner, below Room 21 (Period V) there was found a solid length of masonry, consisting of a foundation layer of ragstone under two courses of bonding-tiles, the whole construction set in stiff yellow mortar and opus signinum and cutting through earlier foundations; abutted on to this masonry was another fragment of wall, consist-ing of a foundation of ragstone and three courses of bonding-tiles, similarly set in opus signinum and presenting a curved outline. It is not possible to interpret this construction satisfactorily: the bedding trenches for it did not continue beyond the points shown on the plan (Fig. 3), and the solidity of the entire construction suggests a probable buttress, but for what purpose it is impossible to say.

   Period IV, c. A.D. 120-180
The re-examination of the hypocausted area of the third baths (Period V) (Plate IA) has resulted in additions to the structural details
  13 Ibid., fig. 1, 70-71.
   14 The former hypothesis was confirmed in 1974. This granary need not, of course, have either north-east or south-west sleeper-beams.
   15 Arch. Cant., lxxx (1965), 71.
   16 Ibid., 85.

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