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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 89    1974  page 122
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1973: Twelfth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

probably, flower-beds and paths leading to the main range of rooms as well as to the two wings of the house, makes it very unlikely that such a flimsy structure, whatever its purpose, would have been allowed to stand in this courtyard area when the villa was reconstructed to face to south-west.8 It is more likely, and logical, that this outbuilding was in use at the rear of the villa, i.e. very probably during Period II, certainly not later than the close of Period III when the major rebuilding of the living accommodation of the house must have brought about the demolition of this outbuilding.

Baths Area (Plate IA)
   Re-examination was also undertaken in the baths area of the villa (Fig. 3). In 1962, work was suspended at the level of the hypocaust underfloors of the third baths belonging to Period V;9 however, when excavation was resumed in 1963 and 1964 to north-west of the previous areas,10 it was soon found that earlier structures had been present below those later hypocausts, but their examination was deferred until the rest of the villa had been completely excavated. This year, the back-filling and the hypocaust underfloors were mechanically removed and the excavation completed to subsoil depth.11 As a result of this re-examination, several new features and details can now be added to the published plans, and a partial reconsideration of the dating proposed in previous reports becomes necessary.

   Period IIa. It is now clear that a small structure, of unknown purpose, was first built in the area to be occupied by the later (Period V) Rooms 20 and 2312 against whose north-west wall was later abutted the caldarium (Room 43) of the first (Period III) bath-house; the foundations for the south-east wall of this early building were exposed, below and slightly protruding to south-east of the north-west wall of Room 21, and later cut by the drain of the second baths (Period IV). This building would have measured 13 by 14 ft. (2.90 by 3.20 m.) internally; it was subsequently superseded by a much larger structure, built partly over the original braiding and partly incorporating its walls.

   Period lIb. This new building was first recorded in 196412 as a fairly substantial wall preserved below Rooms 44 and 20 (Period V). Only foundations (Plate IB), however, survived below the Period V hypocausts, and the plan of these foundations indicates a large room,
   8 IbidĄ lxxxvi (1971), 33
   9 Ibid,, lxxviii (1963), fig. 1, 132-5 and 138-40.
   10 Ibid. lxxix (1964), fig. 1, 71.
   11 1 am indebted to Mr. A. C. Harrison, B.A., F.S.A., for the general supervision of the work in this area, and to Miss R. C. Symes, for its recording.
   12 Arch. Cant., lxxx (1966), fig. 1,

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