it. Mechanical stripping of the overburden on the fairly level
plateau above this waste pit brought to light the upper part
of a badly-worn kiln12 surrounded by enormous
quantities of wasters; these consisted mainly of Hofheim-type
flagons but also included early colour-coated wares, terra
nigra platters and other forms imitating Gallo-Belgic
wares, mortaria, carinated bowls, butt beakers, etc. Samian
ware stratified with this material supports a closing date of
c. A.D. 70 for this activity, though it is not unlikely that
pottery continued to be made in that vicinity in later times.
In view of the lateness of the season, this site has been
covered over to await full examination in 1973.
No fresh evidence has been forthcoming during this year to
cause any reconsideration of the chronological sequence
proposed in earlier reports.
Summary and Discussion
As a result of this year's work, some of the gaps in the
history of the occupation of this site are now beginning to be
The discovery of incontrovertible evidence for pottery
manufacture in immediately post-conquest times now supplies
the economic background for the obvious wealth of the owner of
the first house and baths and supplements the previous
suggestion of a local philo-Roman magnate13 who
will have increased his wealth, if not made it, by engaging in
large-scale pottery manufacture and supplying the greatly
expanding markets following the Roman invasion and conquest.
The location of Site D, overlooking and close to the Medway,
indicates the probability of industrial installations, such as
workshops, stores and wharves, just as the amount of wasters
found in a comparatively very small area points to several
kilns operating nearby. Unfortunately, the area where such
evidence may have survived has been very badly disturbed
during the last century by the excavation of large pits for
the disposal of industrial waste-products, which could have
destroyed all remaining traces of Romano-British industrial
activity; furthermore, the Romano-British ground level, where
it survives, is so badly overgrown and laid over by several
feet of soil from the excavation of the modern industrial pits
that it would require considerable expenditure before
archaeological examination could be begun.
The discovery of the ornamental basin in the courtyard
conclusively the earlier evidence that the original house had
12 Excavation in 1973 established
that this kiln was a medieval tilery built into the debris of
Romano-British pottery manufacture.
13 Arch. Cant., lxxix (1964), 135.