KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 88    1973  page 79
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1972: Eleventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

cutting into it. Mechanical stripping of the overburden on the fairly level plateau above this waste pit brought to light the upper part of a badly-worn kiln12 surrounded by enormous quantities of wasters; these consisted mainly of Hofheim-type flagons but also included early colour-coated wares, terra nigra platters and other forms imitating Gallo-Belgic wares, mortaria, carinated bowls, butt beakers, etc. Samian ware stratified with this material supports a closing date of c. A.D. 70 for this activity, though it is not unlikely that pottery continued to be made in that vicinity in later times.
   In view of the lateness of the season, this site has been covered over to await full examination in 1973.

No fresh evidence has been forthcoming during this year to cause any reconsideration of the chronological sequence proposed in earlier reports.

Summary and Discussion
   As a result of this year's work, some of the gaps in the history of the occupation of this site are now beginning to be filled.
   The discovery of incontrovertible evidence for pottery manufacture in immediately post-conquest times now supplies the economic background for the obvious wealth of the owner of the first house and baths and supplements the previous suggestion of a local philo-Roman magnate13 who will have increased his wealth, if not made it, by engaging in large-scale pottery manufacture and supplying the greatly expanding markets following the Roman invasion and conquest. The location of Site D, overlooking and close to the Medway, indicates the probability of industrial installations, such as workshops, stores and wharves, just as the amount of wasters found in a comparatively very small area points to several kilns operating nearby. Unfortunately, the area where such evidence may have survived has been very badly disturbed during the last century by the excavation of large pits for the disposal of industrial waste-products, which could have destroyed all remaining traces of Romano-British industrial activity; furthermore, the Romano-British ground level, where it survives, is so badly overgrown and laid over by several feet of soil from the excavation of the modern industrial pits that it would require considerable expenditure before archaeological examination could be begun.
   The discovery of the ornamental basin in the courtyard confirms conclusively the earlier evidence that the original house had been
   12 Excavation in 1973 established that this kiln was a medieval tilery built into the debris of Romano-British pottery manufacture. 
Arch. Cant., lxxix (1964), 135.

Previous page       Back to Page listings       Next Page       

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society click here

Back to Contents Page     To Arch. Cant. List      To Publications On-line      To Research Page      To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 16th March 2013

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received
so that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too