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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 88    1973  page 78
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1972: Eleventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

   The purpose of these ditches is not clear, nor is their dating. However, Ditch XV was cut into the backfilling of the early Ditch X, which was filled in when the first house was built; it is clear, therefore, that all these ditches postdate the earliest building, though they could have been cut, at the rear of the house, in much later times for they certainly were open after the demolition of the villa in view of the fact that some of the Anglo-Saxon burials had been inserted into these ditches.

The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery
Evidence for scattered burials in the ruins of the villa has been accumulating from the very first season of excavation in 1962. Some of these were found in the derelict hypocausts of the third bath building,6 others in the ruined servants' quarters of the house7 and elsewhere. It is only since 1970, however, that conclusive evidence for a large cemetery has been forthcoming and its position located mainly east of the north-east wing;8 in 1972 many more burials were found in this area.
   The great majority of these inhumations had been laid, approximately east-west, in a dark soil which made it impossible to distinguish the outlines of individual graves, though these were clear wherever the burial had been dug into the yellow clay subsoil. As in 1971,9 burials were found superimposed, each subsequent inhumation usually badly disturbing the one below it.
   Fortunately, however, some of the earliest burials had been provided with grave goods (Plates IIIA and B, IVA and B) and these showed that inhumation had begun during the closing years of the pagan Anglo-Saxon period and continued into Christian times.10

Site D (N.G.R. TQ 718605)
   Trenching was carried out on two occasions, at the beginning and end of the excavation season, at a site used for the disposal of waste-paper where a dark layer, containing pottery, had been observed in a mechanically-exposed section in 1971.11 As a result, a large pit filled with pottery wasters was found at the foot of the present slope and
   6 Ibid., lxxviii (1963), 140 and Plate VIIL
   7 Ibid., lxxix (1964), 130.
   8 It is not unlikely that the few scattered inhumations found in 1970 to north-west of this wing (Arch. Cant., lxxxvi (1971), Fig. 1) also belong to this cemetery.
   9 Arch. Cant., lxxxvi (1971), 31.
   10  I am greatly indebted to Mrs. S. C. Hawkes, M.A., F.S.A., for arranging for the conservation, drawing and photography of some of these objects at the Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford, and for reporting on them (of. Antiq. Journ., liii (1973), 281-6).
   11 Arch. Cant., lxxxvii (1972), 108.

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