mortar represents the actual floor of the corridor rather than
a base for tiling.
Immediately outside the line of this wall were several
much-repaired floors of opus signinum; these floors
were not present in the 1971 trench containing the west corner
of the wing, nor did they continue into the trench south-east
of the wing's south corner. Furthermore, as these floors
barely reached into a trench south-west of the wall, it seems
likely that they were laid at a point outside the south-west
wall where a door into the wing may have been located; though
this would accord with the patching of these floors and their
super-imposition, no direct evidence for such an entrance
survived across the wall.
Periods VI-VII, c. A.D. 180-400: (i) The Boundary
This perimeter wall was found clearly abutted on to the
south corner of the south-east wing, but not at right angles
to it; from this junction, it continued south-east for some 15
ft, (4.5 m.) before turning to south-west, again without
forming a right angle, for at least 42 ft. (12.60 m.); the
wall had been built of ragstone and yellow mortar to a 2 ft.
(0.60 m.) thickness, though it also contained some flint and
dressed tufa blocks which formed its east corner—its
construction trench had been filled with loose gravel rather
than the standard ragstone chippings, and its construction
suggested that the wall was not expected to carry a great
load. Immediately outside the east corner of this wall was an
elongated, fairly deep pit; its dark-grey, organic filling,
which contained little debris, suggested its possible use as a
cess-pit; it contained late third-century coarse pottery in
its filling though this may have been a survival and need not
indicate that the pit and wall were in contemporary use.
South-west of this pit was a curious feature which was cut
like a shallow gully running north-east to south-west for 14
ft. 6 in. (4.35 m.); it was 1 ft. (0.30 m.) wide, and its
north-eastern end was wider than its opposite counterpart.
Whatever its purpose, this feature clearly antedates the
boundary wall as, when the latter was built, great care was
taken to fill this gully with a solid layer of mortared
Further south-west, the perimeter wall crossed over an
earlier, narrow gully into which the wall's foundations were
bedded. No evidence for floors was found within the area
enclosed by this boundary wall.
(ii) The Courtyard
Three long trenches were mechanically out in the courtyard
area immediately south-west of the south-east wing where
little work had previously been undertaken. The most
north-easterly of these