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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 88    1973  page 75
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1972: Eleventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

This debris represents the remnants of the manufacture of tesserae on the site, for, apart from many unfinished tesserae, the layer also contained several large stones from which white and grey tesserae had obviously been cut. A preliminary examination of the samian and coarse wares in this debris suggests that the layer dates to the early years of the second century and is contemporary with Period V (c. A.D. 120-180) though, as the house was then turned round to face south-west, Ditch XI may have been filled in earlier to allow for the subsidence of its backfilling.
   Most of the area to east and west of Ditch XI, i.e. to east of the south-east wing, was later spread over with a large deposit of domestic refuse dating at least to the middle of the third century A.D.
Ditch XIII (Fig. 2) was found running diagonally across the courtyard and has been examined in the area occupied by the ornamental basin (see below, pp. 76-7) which it clearly antedates; its known length is 102 ft. (30.60 m.) and its width 7 ft. (2.25 m.). Traces of this ditch could be seen obliquely in a bulldozer trench cut close to the west corner of the south-east wing and, if the ditch continued on a straight line, it would have passed below the north-west wall of this wing at a point where no excavation was undertaken and reached the trench where Ditches IX and X intersect; however, when trenched in 1971, this area was found to be greatly disturbed, and it is not certain that Ditch XIII ever reached this area.
   To south of this ditch ran a shallow and narrow ditch or gully which seems to be associated with Ditch XIII as it is approximately parallel with it as was the case with Ditches IV and VI.4 However, if these shallow gullies are associated with their nearby larger ditches, it is difficult to see how Ditches VI and XIII relate to one another as their respective gullies had not been cut on the same side as the ditches.

Period VI, c. A.D. 180-290: The South-east Wing
Three fresh trenches were cut across the line of the south-west wall of this wing and confirmed its previously inferred alignment. Externally, the wall had been rendered with painted wall-plaster, 2 in. (0.05 m.) thick, mostly wine-red in colour with blue stripes outlining panels, some of which survived in situ. The wall was of the standard construction, of ragstone and yellow mortar, 2 ft. (0.60 m.) wide, and its foundations were bedded right into the bottom of Ditch IX where the wall crossed it; this wall had survived in two of these trenches, but the south corner of the wing had been completely robbed. Some evidence was found for the flooring of Room 122; it consisted of a layer of compacted yellow mortar laid directly on the subsoil and present immediately within the wall. However, it was not possible to establish
   4 Ibid., lxxxiv (1969), 94, Fig, 1; lxxxv (1970), 56-7, Fig, 1.

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