L. Thomsen and P. Thornhill, B.A. I
am also grateful to Mr. I. J. Bissett, for drawing the coarse
pottery; Miss D. Charlesworth, M.A., F.S.A, for reporting on
the glass; Mrs. K. F. Hartley, B.A., F.S.A., for reporting on
the mortaria; Mr. M. R. Hull, M.A., F.S.A., for reporting on the
brooches; Dr. J. P. C. Kent, B.A., Ph.D., F.S.A., for
identifying the coins; and Mr. R. P. Wright, M.A., F.S.A., for
reading and reporting on the graffiti. Lastly, I am also greatly
indebted to Miss D. M. Rooke, for taking charge of the recording
of the finds and much personal assistance, and Miss C. E.
Cockram, for help with the preparation of this report.
Work this year was concentrated in the courtyard area of the
villa, to east and south-east of the house, and at one other
site; its aim was the continued examination of features partly
explored in 1971.
Periods I-IV, to c. A.D. 65: The Ditches
Further sections were cut across the lines of the three
ditches already reported on.2
Ditch IX was sectioned to the south of the
building's south-east wing and its known length increased to
some 150 ft. (45 m.), its width remaining constant at 7 ft. 6
in. (2.25 m.) on average; this ditch continued on a straight
alignment and had been filled in with material deriving from its
cutting, probably not long afterwards as it contained little
silt at its bottom.
Ditch X was traced in several new trenches and its known
length increased to 181 ft. 6 in. (54.45 m.); its width remained
c. 7 ft. (2.10 m.). In one or two trenches, the outline of this
ditch was nearer to a V-shape than elsewhere and showed a rather
shallow, rudimentary cleaning channel which is reminiscent of
military work. The amount of grey silt, present at the lowest
levels of this ditch below its back-filling of Romano-British
topsoil, and the pottery stratified in it demonstrate that it
remained open rather longer than Ditch IX, though it must have
been filled in by the time the first house was built in c. A.D.
Two new trenches, cut across the line of Ditch XI (Plate
which was first examined in 1971, in an area of great
allowed its correct course and width to be established;
its present length
and width arc 28 ft. 6 in. (8.61 m.) and 4 ft. 9 in. (1.74
and it was found to be U-shaped. Its back-filling of yellow clay
subsided towards the middle of the ditch; this subsidence has
good by a layer of d6bris consisting mainly of loose tesserae,
white and grey in colour but also a few red ones cut from samian
2 Arch. Cant., lxxxvii
3 Ibid., and Fig. 1.