might even be earlier. The association with the east side of the
country is noticeable.
2. A Nauheim derivative brooch of yellowish metal
with a leaf-shaped bow. The thin bow is decorated in the same
pattern as that on a similar brooch from the Eccles villa (my no.
9581), except that, in this case, the punched wavy line seems to
have been made with a single, round-nosed punch.
This brooch must be pre-Flavian. The three brooches
(nos. 2273, 9581 and this, 9616), must be from the same workshop.
The next few brooches are of types which follow upon
the Colchester type, but are made in two-pieces.
3. A typical example of my Type 92, with short crest
imitating the hook of the Colchester type, and bow with a
(usually) flat-topped central ridge between two cavetto flutings.
Spring of eight turns; the rib on the bow is obliquely hatched;
there may have been an attempt to pierce the catchplate. Date,
Claudian to early Flavian.
4. A similar brooch, but the bow is a variant in
which the rib on the bow is a half-round moulding and the crest is
suppressed. I can quote the following parallels:
2004. St. Albans. Verulamium. Brooch no. 24.
Found with coins up to A.D.
1845. Richborough I, no. 20 (and I think also
1846, ibid., no. 21, which is very obscure).
1703. Richborough I, no. 3, again in poor
5904. Franks Hall, Farningham. Found with
0140. Colchester. Colchester Museum.
2706. London. London Museum. London in Roman
Times, fig. 27, 20.
1702. Richborough I, no. 2.
4308. Canterbury. Royal Museum.
5. A small example of my Type 93A. The spring of
eight turns is damaged; the short crest is made by two crude
notches cut with a file (this is typical of Type 93). A deep
groove extends two-thirds of the bow, and this is usually
cross-hatched, though not in this case. The slender bow ends in a
slight double knob; round hole in catchplate.
There are many parallels in Kent, Essex, St. Albans
and East Anglia, some dated to Flavian levels or later, but these
later examples are probably survivals, for the type does not occur
north of Leicester, and was probably out of use by the time of the
Roman advance into Yorkshire.
6. This also is of my Type 93, but of group C, in
which the crest is continuous with a rib which may run only
part-way down the bow, or