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Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 87   1972 page 128

Rochester East Gate, 1969. By A. C. Harrison, B.A., F.S.A.

there were no stratified deposits. On the stump of the earlier wall had been built 6 ft. of unfaced and rough rubble walling with a slight batter. The material was largely rubble from the collapsed wall with the hard brown mortar still adhering to it and contrasting strongly with the soft white mortar in which it was reset. The faced medieval wall rested on this rubble walling and was set back 6 in. from it. Trench E was similar in all respects except that there were mortar-droppings adhering to the stump of the first wall. In Trench D, the Roman levels had been entirely dug away, but six courses survived to a total height of 4 ft. 6 in,, with only one course of the rubble-walling required before the faced wall above. In Cuttings A, B and C there was no stratification, and the rubble walling was absent, the faced wall resting directly upon the top of the first wall, here surviving for seven courses. The identification of the earlier wall with the Roman city wall would have seemed obvious but for one fact. The masonry seemed to differ in character from that of the south-eastern corner, long recognised as Roman: the stones were larger and more irregular and the coursing less exact. However, the discovery in 1971 that the lower courses of the south-eastern wall were of the same character (PL IV) has removed the difficulty, and it is now evident that the whole of the medieval wall between the East Gate and the north-eastern corner stands upon the lower courses of the Roman wall with the drum-tower taking the place of the original rounded corner.
   The medieval wall is 7 ft. wide and 20 ft. high to the foot-walk, with the external facing of the coursed ragstone and dressed flint intact. The put-log holes are well preserved at intervals of 12 ft. horizontally and 4 ft. vertically. The internal facing, however, is destroyed or modern. A considerable length of the crenellated parapet remains with seven of the original embrasures and one side and the sill of an eighth. The parapet is 5 ft. 6 in. high and 2 ft. thick, with a triangular-sectioned coping 3 ft. 6 in. high of two courses of rags tone ashlar; the embrasures, spaced at intervals of 12 ft., are 2 ft. wide with ashlar quoins and ashlar
sills, chamfered on both edges, 3 ft. above the foot-walk.
   The drum-tower at the north-east angle is of one build with the wall and, in its present state, of the same height, the foot-walk being continued around the top of the tower; originally, it was at least one storey higher (Fig. 8, and PI. VII). Entry into the tower was by a doorway on the south-western side and the fact that this doorway is only a few inches below the present ground level suggests that there was an internal wall-bank. The doorway has a two-centred arch, rebated internally and with a double chamfer externally (PL VIII). The left-hand jamb is original, but the right-hand has been patched. To the right of the doorway is a small square-headed window, blocked within the last few years. Through the doorway is a small

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