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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 158
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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is hard to define at any period, owing to smoothed surfaces or dissolution of the shell. In the later deposits, from A onwards, the same general sub-varieties occur in the 'pure' sandy wares and the lightly shell-filled. A working distinction will be made between 'non-shelly' and 'semi-shelly' sand-tempered wares, within the dominant local range of fabrics, which are nearly always grey and reduced throughout and change so little that their classification must be on form rather than fabric. Those just outside the normal range will be isolated, as well as more obviously non-local wares, never very numerous.
   There is, however, a small series of non-local coarse wares with sand and shell temper, called for convenience, 'sandy-shelly'. The late instance DIO (Fig. 20) has been mentioned, but comparable fabrics, almost always oxidized where the local wares are reduced, occur in Z, as Z14, with a peculiar rim (sealed deposit, section μ [m]), and in sealed A, on same section, and elsewhere.
   The 'Main Series' of Sand-tempered and partially Shell-gritted Wares. This forms the other great mass of pottery, beside the fully shell-gritted, and grows from a small proportion to become the overwhelming majority in D. The fabric is nearly always fully reduced and in some shade of grey, and can be divided, though not absolutely, into 'ST a', thicker, coarser and lighter grey, but always of relatively fine texture, and 'ST b thinner, finer, tending to dark grey or black and sometimes almost burnished; with these correspond lightly shell-filled versions ('shelly-sandy') 'SS a' and 'SS b'. Where possible all wares not fully shell-tempered will be referred to these classes and only the totally unamenable treated separately. The fabric is generally akin to the east Surrey fabrics, of which the typical kiln-site is Limpsfield, 20 km. west of Eynsford, but it is not identical with any contemporary find from Limpsfield, nor with those from the manorial site at Netherne, near Coulsdon, 25 km. away 'as a crow flies', of which the excavator, Miss L. Ketteringham, remarks that the wares are generally less sharply finished than those from Eynsford. The exact parallels are from nearer sites, Joyden's Wood, near Bexley,49 a site in Dartford,50 and even Temple Manor, Strood,51 20 km. to the east. The source is therefore probably not in Surrey but in north-west Kent. The exceptional wares will be treated first.
   Various early Sand-tempered Wares, Represented by a few sherds only and generally not reconstructible:
   (a) Very coarse sand or flint, grey or pink surfaces (β [b] west, W101): a type generally called Iron-Age, but occurring on medieval sites (Netherne, Pachesham, Surrey) as residues (?).52
   49  Arch. Cant., Ixxii (1958), 18-40.
   50  From High St.; examined and to be published by D. C. Mynard.
   51  Arch. Journ., cxxii (1966), 128-30.
   52  Information from Miss Ketteringham.

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