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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 156
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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sharply defined, and the tendency to a 'soapy' surface, observed very rarely in Z, is fairly common in the sealed A deposit and more so in the widespread, and on average later (?), unsealed A deposits, most productive north of the Hall and between the Hall and Great Kitchen, which total quite another 10 kg. Greater variety of forms appear: the cooking-pots are even larger, with a higher proportion of thumb-strips, and bases often thick and always sagging. The characteristic sign is the well-marked inner bead, almost universal on A cooking-pots north of the Hall, but the sealed deposit shows four varieties of cooking-pot rim, all with well rounded shoulders: (a) still somewhat triangular and reminiscent of Y, as A13; (b) developed from Z type, as A14; (c) typical, with strong inner bead, as A4, A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, A9, A10, All; (d) approaching B, A12, A18. Bowls of various sizes also have the bead, as Al, A3, and A2 (from south-west of Hall); A15 is small and completely reduced. 'Fish-dishes', oblong, not thrown, with thumbing, first appear, as A16, fully reduced. Lamps, as A17, not reduced. Also fragments of carinate rim, from a jug (north of Hall). In all, these wares probably cover the greater part of the first half of the thirteenth century.
   Phases BB, B and C (Fig. 16). BB, the fire-level, probably comes within Phase A, but the only reconstructible shell-filled vessel, a large bowl, BB1, has a B-like rim, without inner bead, yet an A-like fabric. The sealed B deposit, immediately north of the Hall, weighs quite another 15 kg. and is very consistent, but there is little B pottery elsewhere. The shell is yet finer, the surfaces smooth, red, even and generally 'soapy', the grey core absolutely distinct, the fabric heavier, but the walls and bases often thin compared with the massive rims. About half the bases are now flat, as B11, the rest sagging. The inner bead is found on only one or two pots in the sealed deposit; otherwise, it has disappeared and is replaced by two forms of rim, quite smooth internally: (a) thick, squared lip, as B5, B6, B1O; (b) broad flange, sometimes tapering or wavy, as B1, B2, B3, B4, B8, B9 (unsealed); both tend to be down-turned. Bowls are few; B7, unsealed (north of Hall, with A wares). C contained about 1 kg. of shelly sherds, identical with those from B, save that the form b rim, as BC1, prevailed. This was presumably the ultimate form; all shelly wares in D are derived and eroded; only one small bowl, D10 (Fig. 20), with a typically D-style flange, was in a 'sandy-shelly' ware, not only relatively full of shell but with the red-buff surfaces and grey core of the otherwise extinct fabric.

ii. Sand-tempered and lightly shell-filled wares
   The division between sand-tempered wares with little or no shell-or chalk-gritting and those with a clearly deliberate admixture of shell

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