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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 152
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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   Early Wares from Lullingstone (Fig. 12). The lighter fabric, as Xc, predominates and may include the transitions between Wc and Xc and between Xc and Y. Rims are: (a) curved, clubbed (nine examples), e.g. L1, L2; (b) curved with squared top, sometimes producing an inner bead (fifteen examples, two thumb-pressed), e.g. L3, L4, L5; (c) straight, everted and squared as Xc (about twenty, five thumb-pressed) including L6; (d) hand-made, uneven but hard, pale surface, not found at Eynsford and possibly very early, of. L7, L8, L9 (lamp?).
   Phase Y (Fig. 13). Fabric derived from Xc but harder; shell still generally coarse and surface rough; light Indian red to orange-buff, with grey, reduced core. Cooking-pots only, in many sizes, some now large, at least two-thirds with sagging bases and one or two with thumbed strips, necks and bevelled rim-forms of two varieties: (a) slightly everted, with continuous gentle curve and hardly any shoulder; (b) well-everted, with well-developed shoulder, approaching Z form. Variety a: Yl (gravel east of Hall, Y104); Y3 κ [k], bottom of gully); Y4, hard (as Yl); Y5 (pit under porch-tower floor); another, in form and size like Y3 but with fine shell (filling of yard immediately east of Hall, under yellow-brown capping, almost an X context). Variety b: Y2, very hard, thin, with coarse shell (passage in front of Hall, displaced from footing of stair-block?); Y6, Y7, finer shell (λ [l] gully slope under chalk beneath Great Kitchen (Y 105)a late Y deposit?); Y8 (as Y3). Also, Y9, clumsy neck (displaced in A); Y10, small (as Y6, Y7). Y forms are common at Lullingstone, e.g. L10, L11; L12, with inner bead but very coarse shell.
   Phase Z (Fig. 14). The sealed pit on section μ [m] is taken as a sample. It contained a few bowls and about seventy shell-filled cooking-pots, weighing over 15 kg. Cooking-pots again vary in size but get steadily larger; all seem to have sagging bases (Z2, Z3), but only four or five have thumbed strips; shell generally finer, surfaces generally duller buff-brown, core always grey and about ten pots completely reduced. The rim-bevel becomes a distinct lip, the neck shorter, the shoulder always pronounced, exemplified a tendency, widespread in the later twelfth century, to reduce the neck to a simple curve. Z1, Z4-Z11, sample of cooking-pots from the sealed deposit, among which the more forward-looking, with smoother interiors and fine brush-marks, inside and out, are Z7, with wide, down-turned lip, and Z10, Z11, with slight inner bead. Bowls from same context, Z12, Z13, show brush-marks, upper bead or heavy clubbed rim. Z forms scattered elsewhere, sometimes with Y and A forms.
   Phase A (Fig. 15). Unless another source is indicated the sealed A deposit on section μ [m] is used to represent this phase, but it may be a relatively early A assemblage, weighing about 5 kg. The shell is more finely pounded, the buff-to-red surfaces less patchy, the grey core more

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