II. Ironwork (Figs. 9-10)
An instructive and tolerably preserved collection, all from D
unless otherwise indicated. Discounting the probably intrusive
Fe 4, 13 and 20a, much of the material is still advanced by
commonly cited comparisons, since pottery and other finds are
entirely consistent with a date for the rebuilding of the Hall
not later than c. 1250, and for its dismantling (D), c.
1300 (probably 1312).
Fe 1, 2. Strap-hinges of small lap-boarded door, with 'moline'
terminals, badly bent (north of Hall and doubtless from its
Fe 3. Terminal of another strap-hinge, with edge-beading (same
Fe 4. Half of butt-hinge, or fixture of long hinge, in tinned
iron of good workmanship. Reported context as Fe 1-3, at
depth, c. 1 m., below K period floor; but it is so like an
H-hinge that an eighteenth-century intrusion must be
Fe 5-10. Horeshoes, all of same general shape, with 'pointed
arch', moderate calkins and no trace of an indented edge,
except Fe 10, which has as good a D provenance, from the floor
of the solar undercroft, as the rest. This (for a 'great
horse', rather than some sort of 'hack'?) is much heavier and
fullered, for which LMG can cite no case before the
late fourteenth century.
Fe 11. Key (D, east sector), medium-size, finely wrought, with
oval bow (not made by splitting the shank, but welded?),
extended point and stop half-way along wards. This type (LMG
Type VII), with kidney-shaped bow, is common in the later
fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, but would be advanced by
1312—it was not necessarily part of the rebuilt Hall.
Fe 12. Key (D, floor of Hall undercroft, and probably its
door-key at the reconstruction), D-shaped, welded bow, solid
stem, suggestion of a stop but no remains of a point; if the
wards were symmetrical the bit was broad and shallow.
Fe 13. Square padlock, presumably K period, but it is
difficult to see how it reached the deep masonry-joint beside
the well in the solar undercroft at that time.
Fe 14. Bowel-spur (near Great Kitchen, A associations, but not
sealed, so that D cannot be absolutely excluded). Bowel-spurs
in the early thirteenth century are not totally unevidenced,
and this one has features, such as the simple terminals, one
triangular (?), reminiscent of twelfth- and thirteenth-century
prick-spurs (LMG). The fabric is weak and cylindrical
in section (it is much bent) and the reinforcement at the heel
Fe 15. Tang of large knife (B, section θ
Fe 16. Tang of file or chisel (same context).