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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 135
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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of the Roman tile used for dressings. The north wall, though not examined to its base externally, seems also to have been trench-built. It is probable that the eastern end and much of the northern part of the Hall lay beyond the earlier yard. Soil conditions change near the line of section e, and a charred layer, a temporary hearth (aa), containing 'W' type pottery, sealed by a bed of clay underneath and just west of the east wall of the Hall, seems to have been preserved by the mounding cut away to build these parts of the Hall. The primary floors of the undercrofts, of thick lime-mortar, bedded on clay, are much sunken and reflect irregular conditions beneath them. The external finishing-layers, after the building, show the hard, yellow-brown capping on the south and west and, outside the trench-built east and north walls, a red clay layer covering a depth of sterile black silt. The first stages of the forebuilding-complex come somewhat later. The porch-turret has a building trench of different profile from that of the east wall and pottery from a pit under its floor resembles 'Y' rather than 'X'. Even the great stair-base, which should antedate it, is built on top of the yellow-brown capping, which itself produced a rim of 'Y' character, west of the hall.

Y. The Building of the Great Kitchen
   From this phase occupation-rubbish becomes plentiful, as though the Hall, though built in the late 1130s, had been little used until the tenure of William III. As indicated above, the forebuilding seems to begin early in this phase and 'Y' sherds characterize the gravel surface east of and consequent on the building of the porch-turret. The finishing layers that followed the building of the Hall did not extend to the west curtain, where the preceding reddish clay-capping remained in a depressed belt, probably containing outbuildings. In Phase 'Y' (see sections β [b] and λ [l] this was raised by a mass of chalk, part of which formed the emplacement of the Great Kitchen, and thus sealed a deposit of mature (Y' pottery (Y 105) on the slopes of the intramural gully. A hardly distinguishable deposit (section ν [n] was in the reddish soil (Y 106) that covered the chalk and the first, short-lived floor of the Kitchen itself. The first of a series of mortar floors, often patched and sealing small quantities of pot between them, around the western end of the Hall seems to date from this phase. The sherds from the temporary hearths in the channel against the east curtain (sections β [b]  and γ [g] are also of 'Y' rather than 'Z' types.
Z. Levelling of the margins
   No structures are associated with this phase, except on slender associations, a light structure with a fire-reddened hearth (xx), towards the south. But there are numerous deposits between the mortar floors (see above) and in the final fillings of the marginal channel, which now

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