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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 134
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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garderobe, which may respond to a corner of the yard. The west part of section β [b] is most informative: the Hall wall was not built in a trench but in the free area of the yard and the extent and inclination of this is given by a timber-slot (ee), presumably the sole-plate of a revÍtement for the 'second mounding', which is here largely of flints, and shows at ff a mutilated fragment of its upper surface, at the normal level of about 2 m. above the yard, also bearing signs of timber-slots and carbonised wood. This was damaged by the final reddish clay-capping of the second mounding, which, in turn, antedates the hard, yellow-brown capping that seals Phase X. As the section shows, the reddish clay was laid down after the revÍtement of the second mound had collapsed and a layer of soil had gathered over the slope. This, as well as the variety of pottery forms, shows that Phase W was of long duration. On section δ [d] a cushion of clay may indicate the edge of the level yard, and north of it a line of flints and yellow mortar (hh) may suggest the alignment of yet another structure. More flint and yellow mortar appears on β [b] just east of the cross-wall, at this level, and again probably near the limit of the yard. The walls in the undercroft (bb, dd) are cut into by those of the Hall; they seem to belong to a stone well-turret at the corner of the Old Tower, and higher and stronger than its ground-walls, having a level stone stage before it. Over bb and dd and in the Tower itself the conditions of destruction are well seen. The mortar floor of the Tower had broken up under damp and silted up before its walls, as well as bb and dd, were buried in a mass of yellow rubble from the destruction of other parts of the complex. This was masked by an even heavier deposit of dense black-brown flinty clay, evidently introduced. Both layers contain 'X' pottery, uneroded. The black-brown clay spreads even over the top of the Tower walls and extends (section β [b] into the area of the Hall undercroft; it is all sealed under the hard yellow-brown capping of Phase X or under the floors of the Hall, totally obliterating the Old Tower except for its well. The well by the Great Kitchen has the same yellow mortar and the 'second mounding' requires that it should be of similar date.

X. The Construction of the Hall
   No stratigraphy attends the upper stage of the curtain, and the rebuilding of the entrance section is better treated in the context of the timber bridge. The gate-tower is contemporary but needs no further explanation. The original Hall-block stands out clearly on the drawn sections, built on deep footings of flint-in-clay, well spread under the cross-wall and south side (near the site of the Old Tower), more confined elsewhere. 'X' pottery, though found more in the destruction layers than in the foundation-trenches, occurs in the mortar of the Hall walls. The east wall was trench-built, the filling containing scraps

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