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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 132
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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less in the solar undercroft, and that the original floor was between 1.2 and 1.8 m. below the contemporary external surfaces, which had risen little during subsequent occupation and were based on a hard belt of yellow-brown clay with flints. The undercrofts were therefore partly subterranean, and the early levels were most accessible within them. On the other hand, the firm, elevated exterior surfaces appeared to cover most of the enclosure. It was not at first obvious whether the Hall had been trench-built into an existing high platform, or whether the platform had been piled against it; in the event, neither of these simple alternatives proved right.
   Cuttings in lines β [b] and δ [d] in the solar undercroft revealed a series of low walls (dd) and a rendered block of masonry (bb) just below the primary floor of the undercroft, towards the well (p), which was incorporated in an upstanding piece of walling (cc) surviving from the previous build and worked into the Hall. Cuttings south of the Hall, through the 'platform' surface, on δ [d], j [j] and, later, showed a not very massive flint wall with yellowish mortar, like those in the undercroft, standing to full height, i.e. to the seating for a timber sole-plate (Plate III), not far below the yellow-brown surfacing of the 'platform'. When the ends of this were located, it appeared that the lateral walls running off it had been broken down, so as to slope steeply towards the Hall, and that they bounded a quadrilateral, but not rectangular, building, which had been destroyed to make way for the Hall and was connected with the walls under the solar undercroft. From its central position and the seating for the plate, they were evidently the ground-walls (though 2.4 m. high internally) for a timber tower such as is known to have formed the central feature of many mottes, hereafter referred to as the Old Tower (OT). Further trenching was directed to examining the relations of the platform and its make-up with the curtain, the Old Tower and the Hall.
   Sections against the Curtain. These had already been cut at the east ends of β [b] and γ [g], at κ [k] on the south, and at the north end of δ [d]. They were not very conclusive and showed different soil-conditions in each cuttingódarker soil under the yellow-brown capping in the first two, and lighter gravelly clay below that; undifferentiated dark soil in K and chalk and flint on a gravelly bed (W 102) in δ [d]. But they all showed that the curtain was founded on an artificial bed of chalk (confirmed by an external cutting at u [v], that the surface-rendering of the wall was everywhere well preserved to a height of about 2 m. above this chalk, that all internal soil had been piled up against the curtain after it was built but that a broad and persistent channel, in places re-cut below the well-preserved rendering, ran round the interior of the wall. Not until the more accessible west ends of β [b] and λ [l] were cut in 1967 did the true sequence emerge: about 0.7 m. of varied strata, running

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