Z—a phase of some length, after the
building of the Great Kitchen: deposits only
in small pockets.
building of the Hall, includes the construction of the
and the Great Kitchen.
destruction of the Old Tower and building of the Hall and Gate-Tower.
W—the building of the lower curtain and the
Old Tower, and the mounding-up
Only from Y to B inclusive does the occupation seem intensive
and more or less continuous, with some overlap between pottery
forms. Pour phases of pottery (treating BB as a purely
structural incident), beginning and ending abruptly, probably
fit within the century 1161-1261.
The uppermost phases, K, E, D, their deposits now
removed, will be treated in descending order, the others in
ascending order, with reference to the development of the
I. THE LATE PHASES
K. The Hunting Kennels.
Cresy tells us that these involved much building and that
nearly all of it had been removed when he came on the scene.
What remains includes the well in the north curtain (g), a
little refacing of the north curtain and more refacing of the
north wall of the Hall above the floor-level of kennels (i).
Joist-holes, and, probably, an unexplained block of
masonry (oo) seem to be remains of a range of this date
abutting the south-west curtain. Other footings included the
front wall of a structure inside the hall (x), a fragment
against the east curtain (y) and part of quite a large
building with a fireplace, in the middle of the courtyard (z).
A certain amount of pottery and ironwork clearly belonged
to this phase, but the disturbance of lower strata was slight
except in the area of the New Kitchen, where there were many
burials of foxhounds, one of which was kept as a contribution
to the history of dog-breeding. The bones of a heavy horse
were found near the south-west curtain.
E. The Patching-up'
This must have immediately followed the dismantling. The work
was shoddy and probably a face-saving operation to make the
building usable for manorial courts; there was no trace of
habitation, and no suggestion that the repaired buildings were
used for very long. Everything was directly covered by flint
rubble debris. It is not clear how much of the building was
repaired: the only certain floor (l) covered part only of the
undercroft of the porch-tower, as though to accommodate