south of the gate-tower.
Short sections in the other direction, shown on Pig. 5 are:
v, [n] within the Great Kitchen,
compounded and slightly generalized.
k, [k] at the acute angle, at the
foot of the completest garderobe.
Other short sections were cut: θ
[q], ψ [y], at
the north-west; , z [z], w
[w], between the well and OT; μ
the Great Kitchen, p [r] in the Porch Tower and t
the Gate Tower. Their results are incorporated in other
sections or simply described. Sections π
[p], s [s], u
the moat and bridge, are not reported here.
The base-line shown in Figs. 4 and 5, 132 ft., or 40 m.
(within the margin of error allowed for), above OD, has also
been used continuously.
Ten general phases were established as work proceeded, and
since there has been no reason to revise them significantly
they will be repeated here. They were determined by the
relation of the strata to structures, to widespread
'blanketing' layers, or to productive sealed deposits, and are
here cited without prejudice to absolute chronology, but have
the advantage that each (save C and E) has its characteristic
form of coarse pottery. Any separate numbering of strata in
this report will be prefixed by the phase-letter, and pottery
will be prefixed by the same phase-letter. Doubtful cases are
few enough to be noted individually. The phases may be taken
to include anything down to the horizon of the next below.
K—the eighteenth-century kennel period.
E—the partial reconstruction after the dismantling.
D—the dismantling, with plentiful tile-d6bris (probably a.d.
C—a masking of fresh B deposits and some A deposits with
clay; notionally C
includes anything that might appear between
this and D, but next to no
accumulation was observed, although
the pottery from the clay is identical
with that from B and
very different from that in D.
B—a productive but short phase represented by an ashy layer
north of the Hall,
which seems to be the waste of the New
Kitchen rather than an extension of
the fire-debris in the
BB—the destruction of the Hall by fire and consequent
reconstruction; pottery and
stratigraphy (the New Kitchen
belonging probably with the reconstruction)
indicate a date
slightly before B.
A—a productive period: widespread deposits not always well
sealed, but always
covered by B or
C where these are present,
and containing vestiges of