built upon the tiles debris. These (see
below, Phase E) must represent an ephemeral attempt to patch
the Hall up after the unroofing, and a little of the upper
tile debris may well come from the patched-up roof. These
remains had no associated pottery and were negligible from the
point of display. In general, the original supposition was
sustained: the tile-debris represented the end of the last
serious medieval occupation and immediately covered the floor
levels to be exhibited. There was hardly a single find between
the early fourteenth century and the later eighteenth, and,
though some levelling of wall-tops was in preparation for the
Kennels, most of the accumulation of flint can be ascribed to
nearly five centuries of neglect, without much interference
from the villagers.
Controlling sections were cut, where feasible, on
the same intersecting lines and the overburden removed as on a
'face'. The designation of the section-lines and the
stratigraphical terminology established as work progressed
will be used in this report.
Though the lines form an ad hoc grid,
recording below the exhibited level was almost entirely by
section-trenches and little was examined in breadth except
within the limits of a trench. From short lengths dug at
different times, it has been possible to piece together the
equivalents of long continuous sections, in some cases right
across the enclosure, as shown on Figs. 4 and 5. The
disadvantage of piecemeal excavation has been that it has been
impossible to compare the strata visually throughout a
section, and for practical reasons, it has not always been
possible to cut every part of a composite section absolutely
on the same line. In one or two cases structural features
near, but not on, the line are shown in elevation.
The sections were called by Greek letters. For
short, the whole section will be referred to, e.g. as 'Section
a'. Only the section-lines, not the trenches, are marked on
Fig. 3. The terminal points, e.g. aI, aII,
always lead from west to east or south to north.
The main west-east sections, shown on Fig. 4,
a, [a] north of the hall, with θ,
just behind the hall
through the hall and solar undercrofts
through the forebuilding complex
obliquely, through the gate-tower passage, towards the well.
The main south-north sections, shown on Fig. 5, are:
through the garderobe and solar
undercroft, with δ* showing rather different
conditions 2 m.
through the hall undercroft
ϕ, [f] south of the hall, spanning the early tower (OT).
Short sections, approximately west-east, shown on Fig. 4, are:
λ, [l] on the edge of the Great Kitchen exposed by the collapse of