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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 125
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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of a hearth resting on the arcade alone; the improvement of the fireplace in the solar-undercroft by a surround with bar-stopped chamfers and probably a hood, and the addition of a block of masonry (u) to the end wall, almost certainly to carry a chimney for the solar above—the fragment of a conical chimney-top of stone, with trefoiled openings and no sign of soot on it, must come from one or other of these; the making of a chamfered ashlar door-case, standing shoulder-high in Cresy's day and approached by steps, at the end of the passage between the hall and the external staircase, thus finally making the space before the hall- and porch-undercrofts into a proper room, and the enlargement of this space by a projection on the south facade; and probably, though it may be earlier, the retention of the privy outlet. In this rebuilding the hall was completely roofed in tiles, which had been used only on a limited scale before, and at least the east window of the first-floor hall was glazed. It was now a comfortable house and had lost any resemblance it may have had to a donjon: on all the evidence, it was only occupied for two short periods, but it is the remains of the building in this state that the visitor sees.

Other Structures
   Low walls remain of two kitchens. One, the 'Great', or 'Old' Kitchen (OK), fits into an obtuse angle of the curtain, near the well in the courtyard. Pottery associated with its substantial footings, probably not the first on the site, and the re-used look of its tufa dressings indicate a date in the twelfth century but later than the Hall. It was several times re-floored as the external level and threshold were raised, and the final floor, in use until the dismantling of the Castle, included a broad hearth of tile-on-edge (v) with a short spere beside it.
   The other, 'New', Kitchen (NK) was between the Hall and curtain at the north-east, and so hardly more convenient for the main staircase than the Old Kitchen. It probably had its own external stair at the other end of what would have thereby become a proper screens-passage, and it seems, for this among other reasons, to be part of the post-fire reconstruction. It was a timber-framed building on narrow ground-walls with seating for the posts, whose feet thus 'passed' the interrupted sole-plates. The fire-back, against the curtain, is of greensand and tile-on-edge.
   The only certainly medieval lean-to range (L) against the curtain ran from the gate-tower to the acute angle. This had a broad, though mutilated ground-wall, possibly twelfth-century, which contained the seating for at least one post. Beside it were fragments of lighter structures (yy, zz). All the other flimsy scraps of walling, now mostly removed but shown on Fig. 3, date from a patching-up after the dismantling, or from the kennels.

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