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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 124
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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century. The original height was nearly 6 m. The floor-joists of the hall, which must have run transversely to the block, were supported across their centres by an arcade of three arches on square piers with Roman tile-quoins, the arches themselves, as far as can be deduced from the slight remains of springing, included flue-tiles and roof-tiles. Though these bear on the relatively thin partition-wall, the arcade was not carried across the solar-undercroft, where the joists must have run axially to the block. Both the porch-undercroft and the hall-undercroft were entered separately from the space beyond the stair-base, each door having a draw-bar: that of the porch is convenient to its present level, that of the hall-undercroft low-set and convenient only to original internal level, though the threshold of the doorway was not raised with the floor and must have required internal wooden steps. At the north-west corner is a spiral staircase (o) linking the undercroft to the Hall above, the arched doorway turned in Roman tile. In this corner, the floor-level does not seem to have been raised. Both the hall-undercroft and porch-undercroft have no other facilities than for storage.
   The solar-undercroft, on the other hand, formed a complete and independent residential apartment, high enough to have contained an internal staging, though there is no trace of this, but not communicating with the solar above. The entrance, down steps, is in the west wall: at the foot of this is a well (p), in a recess, which has been shown to be a relic of an earlier building on the site (see p. 121); beside this is a rounded wall-fireplace (q), backed in Roman tile, and certainly original though altered in the thirteenth century. In the partition-wall is a rectangular aumbry, and in the north-west corner another doorway turned in Roman tile (r), leading, via a bent stairway in the thickness of the wall, to a small privy, the outlet of which was extended by a cess-chamber (s), of which the outlet, when found by Cresy, retained its segmental-arched head.
   Apart from the privy-outlet there are two projections from the north fa9ade of the hall: the wall is thickened where it contains the spiral staircase and again towards the east end, and it is possible that the wall of the hall above was carried on an arch at the projected face.
   The hall block contains a number of alterations in less regular, flush-pointed flint rubble and well-tooled, if friable, greensand ashlar. They all seem to belong to a rehabilitation consequent on the thirteenth-century fire, which excavation shows to have devoured all three cells of the building. They comprise: the raising of the floor of the hall-undercroft by nearly a metre and the solar-undercroft by a much less amount; the enclosure of the western pier of the undercroft arcade by a mass of flintwork (t) which almost certainly carried a central 'pedestal hearth' and suggests that the fire may have been caused by the failure

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