KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 121
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
These webpages are designed to be viewed with the screen resolution set at 800 x 600 and text size at normal. HOW TO

   Two of the facets are thicker than the others in that the surface of the offset plinth is carried right to the top of the wall, including the second stage. One of these (a), the northernmost facet of all, is also thickened on the inside, but, at least as far as it is preserved, only at the lower stage. The other facet (6), which contains the present entrance, has been rebuilt from the ground when the upper stage was added (see p. 123 ff.); it is uncertain whether it, too, was originally thickened internally, but the outer edges of the external thickening look primary and contain channels that suggest timber-lacings rather than draw-bar holes. The internal thickening of the northern facet carries the seatings (c) for the treads of a fairly gentle stairway, which terminated at the top of the lower stage of the wall, but apparently began less than 0.5 m. below the final medieval occupation-level. Beside the thickening is the matrix (d) of a timber post, 28 cm. square and, probably, connected with the same staging as the stairway. The upper part of the thickening now carries a garderobe, the survivor of a pair (e1, e2) with Roman tile dressings and covered by segmental arches, which, in turn, could have served as the floor of a turret a little higher than the general wall-top level of the second stage.
   There are now four embrasures whose intradoses are near the top-level of the first stage: three of the these (f1, f2, f3), close together at the acute end of the enclosure, were garderobes. f3 was altered and widened in the second phase, but all three have been broken through. f1 had its outer face repaired; later (in the Kennel period 1) it was blocked, and has recently been unblocked. It retains its tufa chute, part of its tufa jambs, and its internal rendering, with two wall-recesses, as in the others. It is probable that all three were identically equipped in the primary build, though their floor-level is higher than that of the final medieval surface of the courtyard. The fourth embrasure, towards the north-east (g), may also be primary, but its linings have been renewed, and it contains a well, at least in its present form, of the Kennel period. A line of rough recesses (h), cut into the top of the interior of the first stage of walling east of the Hall, is almost certainly also from the Kennel period and receptacles for fodder or harness.41a
   In the upper stage there are eroded suggestions of embrasures at the acute end and along the west side, including the fallen section, but none can be taken as positive evidence. On the other hand, the well-preserved eastern and northern stretches are absolutely unpierced at either stage, save at the entrance and the north-eastern embrasure, and it seems that this was the intended aspect of the whole curtain at both stages, any piercings being conveniences of a later, presumably thirteenth-century, date.
   41a  They are not bee boles: this is the conclusion of consultation with the late Mrs. V. M. F. Desborough and Dr. Eva Crane.

Previous Page       Back to Page listings       Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society January 2011

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too