but technically cadet, line. Between 1148
and 1151, William III (tercius qui nunc est) formally
confirmed the donation of Ruckinge.26 He died not
earlier than 1193, when, still calling himself tercius, he
made, among other religious bequests, one to St. Radegund's,
founded about that year.27 He names his wife as
Beatrice, who has been generally, making nonsense of the
chronology of the records, confused with Eleanor, her
William Ill's contributions to the Castle were
minor (Phase Y), but he is best known of the line for his part
in precipitating the fatal dispute with Archbishop Thomas. It
was a passive part, and what he held in chief, though enough
for the king to make a test case of him, must have been small—small
enough for Thomas to regard him as 'his' man. He had
stood surety to Thomas for a large sum, and, having made his
peace with see and priory under Archbishop Richard, recouped
the forfeit from offerings at his martyred predecessor's
shrine.28 Apart from this one incident, he was as
good a churchman as his grandfather.
William IV's tenure was extremely short. Only the
deposition of 1261 assures us that he did not die vita
patris. William V, surnamed Rufus, who came of age in
1200,29 reverted to the type of secular-minded
baronage. We hear of him on John's remarkably successful
expedition to Ireland in 1210,30 and among the
hard-core of the baronial party captured when the keep of
Rochester was breached in 1215.30a After a period
of forfeiture and imprisonment, he was back in royal favour in
the 1220s, constable of Hertford castle and steward of the
Household. His tenure corresponds roughly with Phase A, but he
did little to the Castle unless the burning and reconstruction
of the Hall took place before his death in 1231. This seems
possible: the finds are consistent with a gap between the
rebuilding and the brief, penultimate occupation of Phase B.
He left no son and his death was followed by at least six,
probably twelve,31 years of minority and wardship.
This would imply that his daughter, and probably her husband
26 Saltman, op,
cit. in note 22, 269-70 (charter no. 42), with commentary.
27 Bodleian Lib. Gough MS., 18,
p. 70, cart. 622—this is a careful extract of a lost
cartulary. For the foundation of St. Radegund's in 1192-1193,
in preference to Monasticon's 1191, see V.C.H. Kent,
ii, 172. William's contribution is a parcel in Penshurst.
27a As in the pedigree, op.
cit. in note 9, 47, with one or two of the numerous
references to the two ladies. See especially Placitorum
Abbrev. (1811), 1 and 64; the former leaves no doubt that
Eleanor was the mother of William V, widowed and remarried by
28 Op. cit. in note 13,
55; op. cit. in note 9,110.
29 Rot. de Oblatis et
Finibits (1835), 155.
30 Rot. de Libert, ac Misis
et Praestitis, ed. Hardy (1844), 182.
30a Gervase of Canterbury, opera (Bolls
Ser., 73,1880), II, 110 (continuation of Gesta Regum).
31 Many references to the
minority between 1231 and 1236 (Close Bolls, I, 564,
II, 112, 114. Ill, 158; Extr. Fine Rolls, 217, 229,
313, etc.). For continuation (or renewal?) of wardship to
1242, The Book of Fees (1920-1923), 669, 678.