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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 113
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
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after 1130, having laid down, or been forced out of his office, he retired as a monk to Christ Church,21 which, with his wife Hadwisa, he had endowed with Ruckinge without derogation of his obligation of knight-service.22 It appears that it was he that acquired most of the considerable possessions of the family outside the barony, in particular large holdings of the bishop of Lincoln in Buckinghamshire and Huntingdonshire.23 A man of patient business, a bulwark of ecclesiastical power, and, if we can judge from his acceptance as a quire-monk, an early instance of a literate knight.
   His successor was a less considerable figure. His public activities were slight, and to him is ascribed the beginning of the alienation from the see that was to flare up briefly under William III.23a His tenure coincided, approximately, with the disturbed years of Stephen. This is, historically as well as arehaeologically, the most likely occasion for the building of the Hall and gate and the heightening of the curtain (Phase X), in every sense a re-fortification and one for private benefit, totally and permanently changing the Castle's character. Such would have been frowned upon under Henry I and probably forbidden under Henry II. William II, called Gurham, was dead or retired by the late 1140s; it is his son, William III, who about this time attests frequently, as attendant knight, usually in association with Ralf Picot, later sheriff, to deeds of Archbishop Theobald.24 That is to say that he served in that archbishop's famous and educative household. He named one of his sons Theobald, and was personally obliged to the archbishop for his succession to lordship, in preference to the children of his deceased elder half-brother John. From John descended the line of Lese, or Peckham, who on many occasions, one the instance of the deposition of 1261,25 tried to reclaim their interest or part of it against the main,
   21  Op. cit. in note 9, 46; 'c. 1135', but it may have been a little earlier.
   22  Ibid,, 109, etc.; A. Saltman, Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury (1956), 269-70. Hadewisa may have been an heiress (! of William of Adesham, the Domesday tenant of Ruckinge).
   23  In Stoke Mandeville and Great Staughton—Bed Book of the Exchequer, I, 376; the Pipe Boll—Mag. Sot. Scace., 31 Hen. I, 48—suggests that at least Staughton goes back to William I. Other holdings included Foots Cray (Bed Booh, 191), the Canterbury tenures (op. cit. in note 13, passim), and, possibly connected with these, tenements assigned to the Templars, as of, but not necessarily in, Strood (B. A. Lees, Records of the Templars in England in the XIII cent.Br. Acad. Bee. Soo. Econ. Hist., IX (1935), xcvii, 20; see op. cit., in notes 27 and note 5, 66 for small enclosures in. the Weald. These do not exhaust the widespread interests of the family.
   23a  Op. cit. in note 9, 109; pater meua et ego ipse (William HI) mouimus calumpniam . . .
   24  Saltman, op. cit. in note 22, charters nos. 69, 60, 61, 151, 163, etc.
   25  See note 12. The Lese estate "was on the southern edge of Eynsford, perhaps extending into Shoreham; the names of Lese and Peckham are preserved in Leize and Pecken Woods, about N.G.B. TQ 657615, just in Shoreham. Pace Douglas, op. cit. in note 9, 45, it was not John, who was already dead, but his unnamed successor, who was excommunicated with William III.

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