KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86  1971  page 110
Eynsford Castle and its Excavation. 
By S. E. Rigold, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.S.
These webpages are designed to be viewed with the screen resolution set at 800 x 600 and text size at normal. HOW TO

The writer has been engaged in many lines of research connected with Eynsford:
    (i)  Documentary, including the wider activities of the Eynsford family;
    (ii) Topographical—the Castle in relation to the village and valley;
   (iii)  Interpretation of the upstanding ruins; (iv) Excavation of the walled area;
   (v)  The place of Eynsford in the history of fortification, for, though small, it is
          unquestionably a stronghold, not just a moated site;
   (vi) The excavation and comparative study of the unexpectedly well-preserved
          remains of a timber bridge, several times reconstructed.
   The bridge is still under examination and will only be mentioned here as far as is necessary for the interpretation of the walled enclosure.4 The rest will be discussed in the aforenamed order, save that questions of comparison and reconstruction will go at the end, but before the description of finds (which does not include those from the bridge).
   The ponderous quantity of pottery has produced a series of local types from the late eleventh to the early fourteenth centuries, unmatched by any site in the district and dated by its relation to the structures and by a pace of evolution appropriate to a single consistent series, rather than by external references. The series here speaks for itself and the few analogues, even from the Darent and Cray, are not cited in detail. The only exception is the pottery from the medieval site overlying Lullingstone Roman villa, 1 -3 km. away, which is much richer than Eynsford in the earliest phases. This has been studied and drawn by D. C. Mynard and, with the approval of Lt.-Col. G. W. Meates, F.S.A., a selection is published here to supplement that from Eynsford.

HISTORY
   [Note. For brevity and convenience the several valuable recent historical works on the tenures of the Archbishopric and of Christ Church will sometimes be cited rather than primary sources. Even in the more controversial parts, the sources will be referred to as simply as possible and close argument avoided.]
   Direct documentation of the Castle is slight, but there is much circumstantial evidence, and enough about the principal tenants to describe their careers in some detail (which is not attempted here).
   How Christ Church first acquired Eynsford has been often recited,
   4 The bridge will be treated, with comparative material, in Med. Arch.; the historical material, also of wider than Kentish interest, has the makings of a long thesis.

Previous Page       Back to Page listings       Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page   Back to Arch. Cant. List   Back to Publications On-line  Back to Research Page  Back to Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
© Kent Archaeological Society January 2011

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk