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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86    1971  page 33
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1970: Ninth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

   Behind the villa and less than 30 ft. (9.15 m.) to its south-west was erected another building (Room 94); it was less well built than the main house and could have housed domestic staff and farm workers, provided accommodation for domestic and/or farm animals and herds as well as storage-rooms, perhaps even farm workshops; the length of this structure, even though shorter than that of the main house, is far too long to have been used for housing only. Definite evidence, however, has been irretrievably lost not only through the subsequent demolition of this building in advance of the villa's re-orientation but also as a result of the deep disturbance of this area in early medieval times.13
In the following building phase (Period V), the original corridor was reconstructed: its sleeper-beam and wooden posts supporting a penthouse roof were replaced by a solid ragstone wall and short pillars supporting the roof, its floor relaid with tiling instead of the original planking and a small wing, projecting to south-west, was added; whether to house domestic staff, as previously suggested,14 is open to reconsideration now that it has been established that Room 94 was not demolished before the end of this period.
   Period VI sees the re-orientation of the villa to face now to southwest. A new rear corridor is added to the house and the original rear corridor now becomes the fronting one as well as carried further to south-west and south-east at its two ends in order to form two projecting wings and enclose a courtyard laid with cobbling; the north-west wing contains the baths, an entirely new structure, its south-eastern counterpart remains to be excavated. As if to emphasize the new orientation of the villa, a new wing, Rooms 118-121, projects beyond the rear corridor, and the presumed entrance-hall, Room 116, is closed by the construction of a wall across its open end. The house now faces towards the Medway, with open views across its valley, possibly betraying a connection with shipping; however, this is undoubtedly a period of great prosperity as underlined by the extensive new building undertaken.
   The fourth century (Period VII) is marked by modifications to existing structures rather than new building and by the partitioning of the rear corridor into smaller rooms; the use of some of these rooms is not yet quite established, but the insertion of a channelled hypocaust below Room 95 and the re-laying of the tessellated floor above it15 point to the continued use of this part of the house as living accommodation during at least the initial part of this period. Later, however, the use of the north-west end of the house as living quarters was clearly
   13 The slight amount of early medieval material, recovered in various robber- trenches, suggests a date not discordant with the foundation of Aylesford Priory at a short distance from the site of the villa,
   14 Arch. Cant., lxxix (1964), 130,
   15 Cf. note 6, above.

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