further to south-east but, as this area had been cut into by
pits of fairly recent date (used for the burial of ragstone,
clearly brought up by the plough, and dead farm animals), it
was impossible to determine whether this gravelled area had in
fact extended much to south-east or was a narrow strip used as
Immediately to north-east of the mortared area, another trench
cut across the line of a ditch, Ditch VIII, which, like
Ditch III further to north-west of this area, may first have
been cut as a boundary ditch and later used for the deposition
of domestic rubbish and building debris; its filling contained
pottery which is predominantly of second-century date.
Whatever the purpose for which the yellow mortar had been laid
in this area, at a later stage, clearly coinciding with the
re-orientation of the villa (cf. pp. 26, 33), the whole area
was spread over with a layer of dark grey soil, containing
much organic material and domestic refuse but little building
debris, which suggests deliberate spreading on what must have
been turned into a kitchen garden. A fairly large pit, cut
later through this dark grey soil, produced some late pottery
which would indicate that the use of this part of the site as
a vegetable garden lasted probably until the end of the
Romano-British occupation of the site.
Though a few scattered burials had been found at other
parts of the site in earlier seasons of excavation9
and pointed to the well-known practice of burial in the
unproductive ground of a ruined building, evidence was secured
this year for what appears to be a fairly large cemetery.
Apart from the two interments in the fine of Ditch VII (cf. p.
30), an indeterminate number of other burials has been exposed
immediately to east of Room 121. One of these burials had been
inserted just to east of the stokehole, a second had
necessitated the removal of part of the wall immediately
beyond the south-west cheek of the stokehole-flue into the
channelled hypocaust. The greatest number lay, however, in the
area further to east10 where the ground had been
excavated to some depth for the interment of several burials:
the first few had been interred at subsoil depth and covered
with a slight layer of dark soil and a further two layers of
burials had been laid in similar fashion and above each other
to within about 1 ft. (0.30 m.) of the modern surface.
Although these burials had been interred in a regular manner,
9 Arch. Cant., lxxviii
(1963), 140, and PI. VIII; lxxix (1964), 130; and lxxxv
10 A trench in this area is not shown on the main
plan (Fig. 1) for reasons of economy of space.