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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86    1971  page 31
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1970: Ninth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

trenches cut further to south-east but, as this area had been cut into by pits of fairly recent date (used for the burial of ragstone, clearly brought up by the plough, and dead farm animals), it was impossible to determine whether this gravelled area had in fact extended much to south-east or was a narrow strip used as a path.
   Immediately to north-east of the mortared area, another trench cut across the line of a ditch, Ditch VIII, which, like Ditch III further to north-west of this area, may first have been cut as a boundary ditch and later used for the deposition of domestic rubbish and building debris; its filling contained pottery which is predominantly of second-century date.
Whatever the purpose for which the yellow mortar had been laid in this area, at a later stage, clearly coinciding with the re-orientation of the villa (cf. pp. 26, 33), the whole area was spread over with a layer of dark grey soil, containing much organic material and domestic refuse but little building debris, which suggests deliberate spreading on what must have been turned into a kitchen garden. A fairly large pit, cut later through this dark grey soil, produced some late pottery which would indicate that the use of this part of the site as a vegetable garden lasted probably until the end of the Romano-British occupation of the site.

The Cemetery
Though a few scattered burials had been found at other parts of the site in earlier seasons of excavation9 and pointed to the well-known practice of burial in the unproductive ground of a ruined building, evidence was secured this year for what appears to be a fairly large cemetery.
   Apart from the two interments in the fine of Ditch VII (cf. p. 30), an indeterminate number of other burials has been exposed immediately to east of Room 121. One of these burials had been inserted just to east of the stokehole, a second had necessitated the removal of part of the wall immediately beyond the south-west cheek of the stokehole-flue into the channelled hypocaust. The greatest number lay, however, in the area further to east10 where the ground had been excavated to some depth for the interment of several burials: the first few had been interred at subsoil depth and covered with a slight layer of dark soil and a further two layers of burials had been laid in similar fashion and above each other to within about 1 ft. (0.30 m.) of the modern surface.
   Although these burials had been interred in a regular manner, no
   9 Arch. Cant., lxxviii (1963), 140, and PI. VIII; lxxix (1964), 130; and lxxxv (1970), 60.
   10 A trench in this area is not shown on the main plan (Fig. 1) for reasons of economy of space.

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