KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86    1971  page 30
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1970: Ninth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

into smaller rooms and another channelled hypocaust was inserted into Room 95.7 However, the absence of any sealed finds below the floor makes this impossible to substantiate.

Period VII, c. A.D. 290-400: The Living Quarters
Continued examination in the area of the villa's rear corridor has established the dimensions of Room 115 at 53 ft. 3 in. by 11 ft. 6 in. (16-24 m. by 3.37 m.). A further room, Room 117, had been made by a partition-wall across the corridor, and it measured 18 ft. by 11 ft. 6 in. (5.40 m. by 3.37 m.). No floors survived, but it is very likely that they would have been of mortared tiles as in rooms further to north-west.8
The total length of the ditch (Ditch VII) to east of the rear corridor was cleared; it measured a total of 51 ft. (15.55 m.) and stopped just short of the north corner of Room 121. It had been filled with domestic refuse in diminishing quantities the furthest it ran away from the rear corridor; the eastern, third of its filling consisted almost exclusively of demolition debris. The pottery and coins contained in this filling make it clear that, whatever the purpose for which this ditch had originally been cut, it was later used as a rubbish-tip, certainly during this period, and the fact that the ditch stops short of Room 121 must mean that it could not have been cut before c. A.D. 180 (Period V) at the earliest.
   Two burials had been inserted into this ditch after it had been filled; no grave-goods were found in undoubted association with them. They may be contemporary with the further burials described on pp. 31-2.

Periods V-VII, c A.D. 120-400: The North-eastern Area
A large area to the north-east of the villa's later rear corridor was mechanically stripped of its topsoil and then sectioned. The whole area was found to be badly disturbed by several pits cut for the deposition of domestic refuse, but some evidence also survived to show that, originally at any rate, the Romano-British surface here had been laid with yellow mortar, varying in thickness but on average 2 in. (0.05 m.) thick; this mortar flooring extended for the entire width of the excavated area.
   The north-westernmost of three narrow trenches cut in this area provided evidence also for gravelling but, owing to the subsequent disturbance, it was not possible to determine whether this layer of gravel had been laid on top of the mortar flooring further to north-east than shown on the main plan (Fig. 1); on the other hand, the mortar flooring was not present below the gravel further to south-west than the junction of these two deposits. No gravel was present in either of the two
   7 Ibid., lxxxiv (1969), 100-1,
   8 Cf. note 4, above.

Previous Page       Back to Page listings       Next Page       

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society click here

Back to Contents Page     To Arch. Cant. List      To Publications On-line      To Research Page      To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 14th February 2013

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received
so that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too