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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 86    1971  page 26
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1970: Ninth Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

B.A., for reporting on the mortaria; Dr. J. P. C. Kent, B.A., Ph.D., F.S.A., for identifying the coins; and Mr. R. P. Wright, M.A., F.S.A., for reading and reporting on the graffiti. Finally, I must record my appreciation to my wife and to my pupil, Miss D. B. Rooke, for shouldering the laborious task of initially processing the bulk of the pottery.

The Excavation
  
The main objectives of this season's work were to continue the examination of features already partly explored in the previous years' excavations and examine the area to the north-east of the villa's living accommodation.

Period IV, c. A.D. 65-120: The Living Quarters
  
Four new trenches were cut across the alignment of Room 94 and confirmed the evidence secured in earlier trenches; all that had survived of this feature were clear indications of the construction trenches cut for the loose rubble footings of this room. As noted in previous years, the whole area to the south-east of the villa's facade had been disturbed at great depth by an extensive excavation the filling of which yielded a few fragments of medieval pottery and tile; this excavation had removed practically all Romano-British stratification, though enough survived to underline that this feature (Room 94) was of rather flimsy construction. In the south-easternmost of these new trenches clear indications were found that the north-east wall of this room was to be located immediately beyond the excavation as the loose rubble laid down for the foundation of the floor was seen to be gradually rising. Further examination of this structure showed that it was constructed on an alignment parallel to that of the main block of the villa in this period; this reinforced in turn the evidence of the stratified pottery which indicated that the main block and Room 94 belong to the same building period.
   Though the purpose of this long structure is not yet clearly understood, it is now undoubted that, in the original plan at least, the villa faced to north-east,2 with this long room occupying the rear of the villa; a probable interpretation of its use, which can find some support in the flimsiness of its construction, is as housing for domestic staff and farm labourers as well as for storage-rooms and workshops. Demolition of this structure seems to have been completed by about A.D. 180 during the period of construction which saw the building of the southeast wing of the villa and the re-organization of the area formerly occupied by Room 94 as an internal courtyard facing the main block and flanked on one side by the baths and on the other by the south-east
   2 As already proposed in the previous report; Arch. CantĄ lxxxv (1970), 57.

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