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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 84    1969  page 103
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1968: Seventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

yielded a scatter of 65 coins, mainly of fourth-century A.D. date,20 clearly dropped in the course of tending the fire. No direct evidence survived for an entrance into this room, but it is virtually certain that this would have been sited through the north-west wall and at about the east corner of the furnace.
   Rooms 96, 97 and 101 occupy the area, as far as examined, of the earlier Boom 104, i.e. the north-eastern section of the villa's corridor beyond the south-east wall of Room 95 where the tessellated pavements stopped and yellow mortar was used as flooring material. Though once again no direct evidence could be secured, owing to the complete demolition in this area and the robbing of the walls, it is clear that the partitioning of this corridor here into smaller rooms is not contemporary with the partitioning of the north-western area of the corridor as the construction trenches cut for both partition walls of Room 101 are much shallower than those of the partition walls beyond the furnace-room.
   Room 97 measures 11 ft. 6 in. by 17 ft. 3 in. and Room 10111 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft. 6 in.; both these rooms were floored with yellow mortar, about 2-4 in thick, laid on a make-up layer of re-deposited subsoil.21
   Room 100, a small apsidal recess opening off the north corner of Room 101 (Plate III, B), is shown on the plan (Fig. 1) as belonging to an earlier phase than Rooms 97 and 101; in fact, because robbing has again removed the evidence, this distinction may not be valid, and it is more likely that all these three rooms belong to the same reconstruction of this part of the rear corridor. The apse measured 7 ft, 6 in. in length and had a maximum width of 3 ft. 9 in.; its floor consisted of opus signinum, about 4 in. thick and laid on successive make-up layers of loose mortar rubble and building debris over a foundation course of unmortared ragstone resting on the subsoil. The junction of the floor and the wall of the apse had been sealed with a strip of opus signinum quarter-round moulding, which indicates that the apse probably contained water. The wall of this room had been built on a foundation of loose ragstone laid on the subsoil below a layer of yellow mortar rubble and tile debris; immediately above this deposit were two courses of mortared ragstone and then the wall of the apse which consisted of coursed bonding-tiles set in yellow mortar— five of these courses of bonding-tiles survived below the ploughsoil. The apse had clearly been abutted on the north-east wall of the corridor and, though the latter had been completely removed, the apse's wall
20 Included in this scatter were coins of Gratian (1), Constantius II (3), Urbs Roma (1), Theodora (1), Magnentius (3), Constans (4), an antoninianus of Otaoilia Severn, House of Constantine (1), Decentius (1), 'Constantinopolis' (1), Valens (1), nine illegible coins, probably of late-Roman date, and 37 barbarous FEL TEMP REPARATIO types.
   21 See note 7, above.

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