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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 84    1969  page 99
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1968: Seventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

points to servicing from that direction. The existence of this hearth in Room 85 confirms its function as a kitchen.
   (iii) The Courtyard. The area of cobbling exposed in 196714 was again found in the north-western part of one of the new trenches cut in this area (Plate II, A), and it would seem that this cobbling bad extended for at least 20 ft. south-east of Room 15; it proved impossible to establish whether it had been laid still further south-east as the whole area here has been disturbed at great depth, probably in post-Roman times—'however, there was no evidence either to show that its existing edge was its original limit, and it is likely that it formerly extended over the whole courtyard.

Period VII, c. A.D. 290-400: The Living Quarters
Examination at depth of the area to south-east of the tessellated portion of the rear corridor has resulted in considerable additions to the plan of the villa.
   Room 103 is the old Room 87 re-numbered and now placed in its correct building sequence; its dimensions and flooring have already been described.15 However, sectioning of its floor has shown that the opus signinum bedding of the tessellation varied in thickness from 4-6 in, and had been laid on a foundation of loose ragstone, with mortar debris and painted wall-plaster fragments filling the gaps between the ragstone, followed by a layer of gravel and several deposits of building debris. To south-west the opus signinum bedding had been carried on to the external offset of the existing outer wall of the central range of rooms (Plate I, A), which had been rendered with whitewashed opus signinum; no offset at all, however, had been allowed for in the north-east wall of Room 103. The north-west wall of this room had clearly been abutted on to the north-east wall at the north corner, just as this was observed in the south corner;15 it had been constructed of ragstone and yellow mortar on a loose foundation deposit of painted wall-plaster and mosaic fragments16 laid in a fairly shallow construction trench cut into the Romano-British ploughsoil.
Room 92 (Plate I, A) was divided from Room 103 by a partition wall, 2 ft. wide, and measured 11 ft. 6 in. by 14 ft. 6 in. Both the northeast and south-west walls of this room had been partly robbed, but its floor-bedding of opus signinum had survived intact; though most
   14 Ibid., 46.
    15 Ibid., 43.
    16 The provenance of these painted -wall-plaster and mosaic fragments is not yet known; they obviously came from a demolished structure which has not yet been identified. However, as lumps probably of opus vermiculatum were also present, this material must have come from a first-century building (for the dating of opus vermiculatum, see D. J. Smith, 'The Mosaic Pavements', in A. L. F. Rivet (Ed.), The Roman Villain Britain, London, 1969, 76).

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