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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 84    1969  page 95
Excavations at Eccles Roman Villa, 1968: Seventh Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

used to backfill the ditch when the site was levelled for the purpose of building the earliest villa. The function of these ditches is at present uncertain though, as Ditch V runs into Ditch VI, it is safest to assume that they were intended for drainage.3

Periods III-IV, c. A.D. 55-120
  
Examination to the north-east of the villa's main range of rooms has shown that some sort of a building, perhaps a small outhouse, was located in this area before the building of the rear corridor; all that survived of this presumed structure is a short length of wall, built of ragstone and yellow mortar and about 1 ft. 6 in. wide, running approximately parallel with the villa and turning to south-west. The whole area to north-east of the outer wall of the rear corridor showed evidence for a compacted layer of yellow mortar, cut immediately outside the wall by the trench of the water-pipeline passing under Rooms 80 and 88, which is more likely to be the result of mixing mortar at the time of the building of the corridor rather than a floor, as it rests directly upon the Romano-British ploughsoil without any make-up layers beneath it; this mortar layer was recorded as far as the southeast limit of the length of wall mentioned above and covered some loose ragstone laid in a shallow trench which may belong to foundations extending that wall towards the south-east.
   Two fresh trenches were cut in the area of Room 94 which was partly explored in 1967.4 One of these established the line of the south-west wall of this feature, and the other was cut astride both walls so as to give a continuous section. As a result, it is now known that this feature was 12 ft. 9 in. wide; its full length is not yet traced, 34 ft. 3 in. only have so far been examined. As previously recorded,4 the whole feature had been methodically demolished: its north-east wall had been completely removed, and only the cutting of its construction trench into the sub-soil indicated where it had been built; the south-west wall had fared rather better as some loose foundation material survived in situ and suggested that the demolition had been carried out from a north-easterly direction. No traces whatever of the floor of this feature were preserved in these new trenches; instead demolition had penetrated 1 ft. 9 in. deeper than the level thought last year5 to be that of the floor, and the back-filling consisted of alternating layers of building debris and subsoil, the latter clearly deriving from construction trenches dug elsewhere on the site at the time of the demolition. The depth of this back-filling suggests that the floor of Room 94 must
   3 This ditch seems to run practically parallel with a similar rectilinear ditch explored in previous years at the western limit of the site; cf. Arch. Cant., lxxxii (1967), fig. 11 and pp. 163-4.
   4 Arch. Cant., lxxxiii (1968), 40-1.
   5 Ibid.,
40.

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