KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 88

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

of the Period V buildings in the fourth century; it is interesting to note that similar burials were found at Fishbourne.22

Periods IV-V, c. A.D. 120-290: The Ditch
The north-east part of the site at some distance from the nearest evidence of occupation was bounded by a ditch (Fig. 3, Sections K-L and I-J). It had a maximum width of 10 feet and a depth of some 4 feet at its deepest; it was irregular in profile, tending to have less steep sides to north-west (Fig. 3. 3, Section I-J) than to south-east (Fig. 3, Section K-L), and it was found filled with a very large deposit of domestic refuse and building debris.
   There is no doubt that this ditch was cut during Period IV as it had been dug through much building debris, including painted wall-plaster of the kind found in Rooms 32, 59 and 67, which was deposited in this area following the destruction of the Period III structures; likewise, it is quite certain that it remained in use throughout Period IV, gradually filling in with domestic rubbish to be finally abandoned in Period V; for the pottery it contained was entirely of the second century and showed a total lack of forms and fabrics exclusively first- or third-century A.D. in date.

   This third year's excavation has provided evidence for a partial revision of the tentative dating suggested in the two preceding reports,
   Period I, the Ditch: Work on this part of the site is not yet sufficiently advanced to establish a date for the cutting of this ditch, but it is known that it began to get filled with domestic rubbish about the middle of the first century A.D.; indeed, the pottery types contained in its filling show strong Belgic influence and can hardly have lasted in use much beyond Claudian times. In consequence, the dating of the close of this period to c. A.D. 55 is based on secure grounds.
   Period II, c. A.D. 55-65: The Granary: The only definite structural evidence in this period is the small granary built partly over the filled-in ditch of Period I and, probably, Rooms 53 and 54 against which part of the first bath building is abutted. The closing date of this period is based on the pottery stratified in the destruction layers of the granary, which is largely of Neronian date, with some earlier fabrics and forms surviving from Period I.
   Period III, c. A.D. 65-120: The First Bath Building: This period is extended at either end; it was already abundantly clear early in the season that the former dating, though based on sufficiently strong evidence, was not wide enough to allow a useful lifetime for the bath
   22 Antiquity, xxxix (1965), 183.

Previous page       Back to Page listings        Next page

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society click here

Back to Contents Page     To Arch. Cant. List      To Publications On-line      To Research Page      To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 29th August 2012

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received
so that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too