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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 87

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

6 by 24 feet and was supplied with heat through the flues in the walls dividing it from Rooms 21 and 23. Its hypocaust was of identical construction to those in the other heated rooms of the suite.
   Room 43 (Plate IVB), the later and larger of the two furnaces of the baths,20 measured 13 by 15 feet 6 inches and was abutted against the north-west wall of Room 23. The north-east and south-west walls of this furnace-room were of the standard construction for the baths, 3 feet wide and of ragstone set in yellow mortar, and were both abutted against the south-east wall of the Period IIIB-E Room 64, which was retained in use as the north-west wall of the furnace-room.
   This furnace-room was originally entered through a door (4 feet in width) in its north-east wall, but no evidence was found for any fuel stores in the area beyond this wall. The floor of the furnace-room was a compacted layer of yellow mortar and the fire, serving the hypocausts to the south-east, was laid on a platform built of two courses of clay-bonded bridging-tiles and constructed against the north-west wall of Room 23. This firing platform measured 8 by 6 feet 6 inches and faced the 3-foot-wide flue into the hypocausts.
   Room 44, measuring 14 feet 6 inches by 7 feet, was abutted, in Phase C, against the walls of Rooms 43 and 20; its construction was the standard ragstone and yellow mortar, but its walls were only 2 feet thick. Access to this room was through an entrance 4 feet wide, in its south-west wall. Its construction involved the blocking of the original entrance into Room 43 (Plate IVB, behind the vertical ranging-rod) and the breaching of its south-west wall for a doorway, 5 feet in width, into Room 44. Room 44 was not floored, but contained much soot and ash deposited directly on the subsoil and probably the result of treading in and out of the furnace-room; this room was used very probably as a fuel store,

(b) The Living Quarters
   The length of wall,21 north-east of Rooms 36 and 37, thought to belong to the living accommodation of the villa in this period, was traced further in an exploratory trench north-east of the part exposed in 1963, but it has not been possible to determine so far either its full length or whether it is a courtyard wall rather than one of the building proper. The absence, however, of any floor north-west of this wall suggests that the living quarters of Period V must lie to the north-east.
   A further burial was found in this trench, with its head lying close to the wall and its body at right angles to it. This is the fourth instance of interments in this general area, very likely following the destruction
   20 For the smaller furnace, ibid., 131.
    21  ibid., 133.

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