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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 86

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

hand, this part of the site had been completely disturbed several times in the course of the construction of the three bath suites. The northwest wall of these two rooms had been built of bonding-tiles, ragstone and tufa, all set in off-white mortar; it had fallen towards the southeast and must have been of considerable height as the material from it was scattered some 17 feet 6 inches beyond the line of the wall.
   A very small chamber, Room 45, measuring 2 feet 6 inches by 4 feet, was exposed at the north corner of Room 40; it belongs to one of the last phases of this period. The walls of this 'room' were built entirely of coursed bonding-tiles; the north-east wall was abutted against the north-west wall of Room 40 which was partly removed, so that both the floor and south-west wall of Room 45 were laid across the north-west wall of Room 40. The floor of Room 45 consisted of opus signinum, 3 inches thick, and was raised nearly 3 feet over the north-east cheek of the flue in the demolished Room 46 by the deposition of a large mass of loose ragstone, of which only the upper 8 inches were mortared together. The purpose of this room is not known, but the level of its floor (2 feet below the surface) suggests that the floor in Room 40 could scarcely have been much lower.
   Like its predecessor, the second bath building had an open courtyard to its north-west. Its courtyard wall, shown on the main site plan, (Fig. 1), was built almost exactly over the alignment of the earlier courtyard wall, which it used as a foundation; to the north-east, it was abutted against the south-west wall of the earlier Room 59 and, to the south-west, it extended beyond the limits of the excavation to enclose an area about two-thirds the size of the Period III palaestra.

Period V, c. A.D.. 180-290: (a) The Bath Building
   Excavation of the third bath building was completed with the recovery of the plan of the later furnace-room (Room 43) and its adjoining fuel store (Room 44) of Phases B and 0; the bath building comprised in all seven heated rooms, two furnace-rooms and a large cold plunge-bath.18
Room 23 was confirmed as measuring 16 by 9 feet, and had three flues, each 1 foot wide, through its south-west wall allowing heat to reach Room 20. The construction of the suspended floor was described in the 1963 Report;19 the under-floor consisted of opus signinum, 2 inches thick (Fig. 3, Section E-F, Layer 43) laid over a foundation of rammed lumps of chalk (Fig. 3, Section E-F, Layer 44), which were deposited on the levelled debris of Period III.
   Room 20 was also completely cleared; it was a narrow room measuring
   18  Arch. Cant.,lxxii (l963), 137-8.
    19 Arch. Cant., lxxix (1964), 132-3.

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