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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 85

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

Period IV. Thus, the north-west part of the earliest bath suite seems to have comprised an open courtyard (palaestra) in the well-known manner of most bath-houses; this may have been paved with tiles as some were found laid down on the subsoil in this area.
   Room 51, of unknown dimensions and purpose at this stage of the excavation, lies outside the palaestra of the earliest baths; its walls, built from the same materials as those used in these baths, were 1 foot 6 inches wide, with a doorway (2 feet 6 inches wide) at the south corner giving access to a room floored with a tessellated pavement of coarse tesserae, cut from red and buff tiles and set in opus signinum over a bedding of the same material and varying from 3-6 inches in thickness. This room could belong to the baths in Period III, but this cannot yet be shown beyond doubt.
   Finally, little beyond conjectural reasons can be suggested for the demolition of such a large and elaborate bath building and the construction of the second baths in the following period. Certainly, the first bath building was solid enough to have lasted much longer than the 55 years of its life, but there is always the possibility in a bath-house that fire may have compelled the various reconstructions and caused its final destruction; this is lent additional support by the fact that many of the mosaic fragments recovered in Room 46 showed signs of heat quite consistent with the fall of burning roof-timbers.

(b) The Living Quarters
Very little has come to light in the area north-west of Room 50 where the living accommodation, etc., of the first villa may lie. Two floors (Fig. 3, Section C-D, Layers 15 and 21), of opus signinum and hard white mortar (the former associated with a section of wall built of coursed bonding-tiles upon a ragstone foundation) and a drain channel cut through this floor which removed part of this wall, are the only signs of occupation in this area so far. Much more work, however, is needed in this area in order to establish the purpose of these floors and their relationship to the bath building.

Period IV, c. A.D. 120-180: The Bath Building
Excavation this season in the north-west part of the second bath building has resulted in the recovery of the north-west wall terminating Rooms 40 and 41.
   The complete length of Room 40 is now known to be no less than 46 feet 6 inches, that of Room 41 rather shorter at 34 feet; they both share the same north-west wall, which was built upon a length of wall belonging to the earlier bath building. One would expect Room 40 to be sub-divided into two smaller units by a partition wall, but none was found in spite of thorough examination for robber trenches; on the other

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