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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 80

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

   Room 59 was a new corridor superseding Room 47 at a greater width (8 feet) and extending over the demolished Room 48; though its full length is not yet excavated, it probably functioned as a corridor leading into the bath building through Room 60.
   Room 60 is to all intents and purposes the old Room 49 and, though it has undergone no structural change, its function as an apodyterium, before entering either the laconicum or the frigidarium, cannot now be doubted: there is still no evidence for an entrance into this room but, logically, it should have been in its north-west wall as there seems to be no reason why the bather should approach it through the open courtyard rather than through Room 59. Similarly, no traces remained of the doorway leading from Room 60 into the frigidarium.
   Room 50,
the new praefurnium for the laconicum, was built with ragstone walls only 1 foot 6 inches thick; these were trench-built against the subsoil externally and dressed only internally, and the south-west wall was bonded with the north-east wall of Room 59. The furnace-room measured 8 by 10-12 feet.15 Again as in the case of the other rooms, no direct evidence was found for an entrance, but the north-east wall was much destroyed, and it is likely that the entrance was through this; it certainly was not through the north-west wall, which survived without any signs of robbing or demolition to any depth.
   The main reconstruction carried out during these phases affected the area previously occupied by Rooms 58 and 56. The rest of the accommodation remained unchanged, though in some cases (e.g. Room 28) the function of some rooms may have altered.
   Room 28 remained unchanged, but it may have become the main hot plunge-bath since, quite clearly, not one of Rooms 61-64 could have served that purpose; they all lack the drainage that would have been necessary. Likewise, Rooms 38 and 39 with their own furnace-room, Room 52, remained structurally unaltered, the only addition in this area being the length of wall closing the mouth of the apsidal Room 38.16 This may mean that Room 39 was converted into the main hot plunge-bath in replacement of Room 58, and this would overcome the difficulty of having Room 28 supplied with hot water from a furnace-room, Rooms 65 and 66, at some distance from the plunge-bath. Room 39, served by its own adjacent furnace-room, Room 52, provided some evidence for a drain (shown on the main site plan, Fig. 1) which, probably built in Period II, may have continued into use as the outflow of Room 3917
In the order of construction, first, the north-west wall of the old
   15 Arch. Cant.,lxxha(l64:), 123. 
   16  ibid., 126.
   17 I owe much in this discussion to the advice kindly given to me by the late Professor Sir Ian Richmond, F.B.A., P.S.A.

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