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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 80    1965  page 71

Excavations at Eccles, 1964: Third Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

(Fig. 3, Section C-D, Layer 4); these construction trenches were next filled with loose ragstone chippings (Fig. 3, Sections C-D and G-H, Layer 67), which were probably derived from dressing ragstone, and then the upper courses of the walls were built, to a thickness of 1 foot 6 inches; of ragstone and bright yellow mortar, some of which had run into the loose foundations below the walls.
   The overall dimensions of the building and its five short walls dividing it into four compartments suggest that its function was that of a grain store. If this was so, the three short internal walls Would probably have supported a floor of wooden planking, which would allow an adequate flow of air below the grain stored in sacks.2 However, the granary was so thoroughly demolished and sealed over by a compact deposit of clayey material (Fig. 3, Section C-D, Layer 2) before the construction of the first baths that no traces were recovered of any sort of floor within its area; on the other hand, evidence was found that the entrance to the granary was about the middle of its south-east wall. Here an area, 5 feet wide, of white mortar some 3 inches thick was exposed, which extended at least as far as the north-west wall of the first bath building; this mortar floor showed the imprints of boards which had been laid down upon it when wet and probably formed a loading platform.
   To this period probably also belong Booms 53 and 54 at the extreme south corner of the excavated area and a system of drains probably associated with them. Room 53 was 10 feet 6 inches wide and Room 54 was hardly 3 feet; their dividing wall, again of ragstone and bright yellow mortar, was 2 feet thick but their common north-west wall was only 1 foot 6 inches thick whilst the south-east wall of Room 54, retained in use for the later Room 39, was of intermediate thickness (2 feet 6 inches). Whatever the purpose of these rooms, the presence of burnt material (Fig. 3, Section E-F, Layer 51) suggests that the building to which they belonged, at present beyond the limits of the excavation, may have been destroyed by fire.

Period III, c. A.D. 65-120: (a) The Bath Building
Work this season was concentrated mainly on the excavation of the earliest bath building3 almost the complete plan of this building has now been recovered, except for the south-west part of Room 52 and the western portion of the suite. Except for a latrine and one or two ancillary rooms, which may await examination in the south-west part of its area, the total accommodation of the baths suite varied, during the five phases of this period, from no less than 16 to a maximum of
  2 Granaries are a feature of a number of villa-sites, e.g. Ditchley and Lullingstone.
   3 Arch. Cant, lxxix (1964), 122-6.

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