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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 79    1964  pages 134

Excavations at Eccles, 1963: Second Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

earlier than c. A.D. 75. A fairly large deposit of coarse pottery found in the ash of the secondary stokehole of Room 32, which was sealed by later debris and is clearly the result of breakage by those tending the hypocaust, is consistently late first-century in date. The dating suggested for the close of this period depends on pottery and, in particular, on figured samian ware, of types not usually thought to have been current much later than c. A.D. 100-120.21 However, to extend the first period of occupation of the site much beyond about A.D. 100 would seriously curtail the already rather short span allotted on secure grounds to Period II, and if Period I is to be made longer, it must start earlier than the suggested date of c. A.D. 75; an earlier starting date would suit the evidence at present available.
   Period II: c. A.D. 100-150. This tentative dating, very slightly modified in one respect from that suggested in the earlier report, has been given additional support by pottery and coins found stratified in the destruction layers of Periods I and II. The closing date for this period is based on the rubbish deposits (Section K-L: Layer 21; Section M-N: Layer 55) found in Rooms 33 and 26, which have produced coarse pottery and samian ware characteristically Antonine to late-Antonine; it is further supported by figured samian stratified below the hypocaust floor of Room 23 and by a worn dupondius of Antoninus Pius of A.D. 145 deposited on the floor of Room 26 under the debris filling it, which provides a definite terminus post quern for the destruction.
   Period III: c. A.D. 150-290. The initial dating of this period is based on the pottery stratified under the floor of Room 23 in the levelled debris under the chalk lumps which supported the opus signinum; it is clearly of mid-second-century date and supports the pottery and coin mentioned above. The closing date, suggested in the 1962 report, is confirmed by the pottery and stratified coins found in the destruction layers of Room 25. Though the pottery was rather scanty, enough was recovered of late third-century fabrics and forms, and in full accordance with the pottery types recovered from the 1962 Rubbish Pit C.22 Furthermore, the soot and ashes raked out of the furnace (Section K-L: Layer 35) yielded a coin of Victorinus, and the lowest destruction layer in Room 25 four coins of Carausius.

Summary and Discussion
   After two seasons' work on this site, it is clear that the complete extent of this large villa is yet to be determined, as is also its place in the history of the area.
Considering the bath buildings alone, the striking feature is the
   21 Further supported by two dupondii of Nerva of a.d. 98 found in 1964 stratified in the destruction layers of this period.
   23 Arch. Cant., lxxviii (1963), 140.

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