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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 79    1964  pages 132

Excavations at Eccles, 1963: Second Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

   Room 42 is Room 10 of the earlier Period II reconstructed rather smaller in size (16 ft. 6 in. by 10 ft.). Its walls were badly preserved; they are partly new constructions and partly rebuildings of existing Period II alignments. The room was extended to the north-east in alignment with the outside wall of the bath building, and this meant the removal of the north-east wall of Room 10 and the extension of the floored area over it. A new north-west wall was built slightly inside the inferred position of the north-west wall of Room 10, blocking the north-western of the two earlier flues. The south-eastern wall was breached by a flue to allow for the heating of the new Rooms 19-23 to the south-east. It would appear that the hypocaust pilae of the earlier Room 10 were mainly retained during this reconstruction as they are of a different size from those used in the exclusively Period III rooms.
   Room 24 (9 by 7 ft. 6 in.) was a small heated room. Its south-east wall did not contain any flues and very little heat would have reached this room from Room 25 until the building of the presumed later furnace to its north-west. Its external north-east and north-west walls were the standard Period HI width of 3 ft., of ragstone set in yellow mortar, and the north corner of this room cuts through the north-east wall of Room 41.
   The hypocaust was constructed on an opus signinum floor, 2 in. thick, which was laid on a foundation of lumps of chalk deposited on the levelled debris filling the Period II rooms; it also sealed underneath it the robbed remains of the Period II walls. The suspended floor, of which many large fragments were recovered in the debris filling this room, was of opus signinum, some 4 in. thick and supported by pilae. These consisted of one base tile (10 by 10 by 2 in.) and several smaller ones (7 by 7 by 1 in.) set in yellow mortar, varying in thickness from to in.; the suspended floor was supported by these pilae at a height of 2 ft. The walls were lined with box-tiles (about 6 in. in width), which were affixed to the wall of the room and held against one another by a layer of opus signinum, to a thickness of If in. between each box-tile (Plate VIII); the box-tiles were supported on a slight ledge projecting from the walls of the room, and only about one-third of their depth was set on this ledge so that heat would circulate through them. Such box-tiles, or their opus signinum imprints, were found on all walls of this room, except for the robbed south-western partition wall. Room 24 was divided from Room 23 by this partition wall, which was 2 ft. thick and constructed of ragstone set in yellow mortar; it was rendered with a thick coating of yellow mortar and contained three flues,17 each 1 ft. wide for the heating supply from Room 23,
   Room 23 was a larger room, which was only partly exposed; its dimensions are probably 16 by 9 ft. as the wall dividing it from Room 20
   17 Not shown on main plan, but see Fig. 2.

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