KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 79    1964  pages 131

Excavations at Eccles, 1963: Second Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

beyond it to the north-east. The sides of this drain were built of bonding-tiles and roofing-tiles were used to floor it; presumably, similar tiles would have been used to form a cover, but none were found in situ. Its sides were made waterproof with a thick coating of opus signinum (Plate X). About halfway along its course outside the south-east wall of Room 34, the drain channel deviates slightly to the south-east and becomes slightly wider; it continues under the south corner of Room 33, turns a little further to the west to avoid the thick floor of Room 31, and then joins the earlier drain from this room at a point a little beyond its west corner (Plate IV). Though this drain is known to continue beyond Room 37, its beginning is yet to be discovered; it is quite certain that it was already in existence before the building of the tessellated floor over it in Room 37, and that it served as an outlet for the wooden pipes leading to it through Rooms 33 and 34.

   Period III: c. A.D. 150-290. (a) The Bath Building
  
The massive bath building of this period has now been almost completely exposed, with the exception of the later furnace still to be examined north-west of Rooms 20 and 23.
   Room 25 is the original stokehole of this period and, in effect, a reconstruction of part of the earlier stokehole, Room 40. It measured 11 by 9 ft. 9 in.; its north-west and north-east walls (2 ft. in width) were new constructions, as was the south-west wall which is the full 3-ft. thickness of the bath building just beyond the flue of the furnace. The north-east wall was abutted against the north-west wall and necessitated the partial removal of the north-east wall of the earlier Room 40. The door of Room 25 lay near the north corner and was found containing a large accumulation of soot and ash; further ash had been raked outside the door (Section K-L; Layer 35). The flue of the stokehole had cheeks built of large river boulders set in clay and some bonding-tiles; its floor was of clay baked a deep brick-red colour and laid on a foundation of broken tiles resting upon the ash of the earlier flue of Period II. The flue itself was slightly longer than the earlier one of Period II and may have had a boiler placed over it; there was enough space for it and, indeed, the whole area had all the appearance of having had water-tanks placed over the flue, but of these no direct evidence was found (Plate VI).
   This furnace is undoubtedly the original source of heat for the hypocausted rooms to its south-west as shown by the single flue pierced through the south-west wall of Room 42. It is possible that no provision for another stokehole had been made in the original plan of the bath building, and that Room 25 proved insufficient for the needs of such a large heated area, thus necessitating the construction of another furnace; but, at present, this is a matter for surmise.

Previous page       Back to Page listings       Next page      

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page    To Arch. Cant. List    To Publications On-line    To Research Page    To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 26th August 2012

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk