KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY  -- RESEARCH   Studying and sharing Kent's past      Homepage

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 79    1964  pages 129

Excavations at Eccles, 1963: Second Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

Period II ragstone and off-white mortar to the usual 2 ft. thickness. Nothing much can be suggested about the likely function of this room, though the definite absence of an opus signinum floor, which if present could have been used for the later Room 24, suggests that Room 41 was not heated.

(b) The Living Quarters
  
Several lengths of walls, structurally earlier than Phase B, have been exposed in the area between the villa itself and the bath building belonging to this period, north of Rooms 26 and 27. The north-west wall of Room 33, for instance, is earlier than the rest of this room's walls; of ragstone and off-white mortar, 2 ft. wide, it was built to the north-west directly against the ruins of Room 32, its north-west face remaining unrendered and resting against the debris of mortar and tiles from the demolished Room 32. Likewise, some lengths of foundation courses of loose ragstone were found under Room 33 and northeast of Room 27 as well as the robber trenches of walls north-east of Room 37. However, as all these walls do not, at present, appear to belong to any definite structure, they will not be considered in detail until later work has elucidated their structural relationship.
   Rooms 33-37 are a range of four rooms at one end of the villa reached by means of a long corridor.
   Room 37, the corridor, was 12 ft. wide, but its length is not yet established. Its walls were 2 ft. thick and built of ragstone and off-white mortar; the north-east wall was almost completely robbed, but its position was definitely established thanks to the robber trenches. The corridor was floored with a tessellated pavement of plain red and buff tesserae, cut from tiles, which was exposed immediately below topsoil; the tessellation was laid on an opus signinum bed, 2 in. thick, which showed in places signs of subsidence to the north-east (Section M-N), and over an earlier floor of white mortar.
   Room 33, the largest of this range (22 by 10 ft.), had walls of ragstone and off-white mortar, 2 ft. thick; its north-west wall, as mentioned above, is earlier than the rest. The floor of this room was badly destroyed, but appears to have been of hard yellow mortar upon which were found some fragments of mosaic and loose tesserae, though it is thought more likely that these were used in the make-up of the floor rather than in situ. This mortar floor was cut through by the trench of a wooden pipe some iron collars of which were recovered; it ran from the north corner of the room towards the main drain on the south side of this room. (Section M-N: Layers 47-48.) The whole room was filled by a large deposit of domestic rubbish (Section M-N: Layer 55), clearly denoting the end of this phase.
   Room 34 (11 by 6 ft.), with the usual ragstone and off-white mortar

Previous page       Back to Page listings       Next page      

For details about the advantages of membership of the Kent Archaeological Society   click here

Back the Contents page    To Arch. Cant. List    To Publications On-line    To Research Page    To Homepage

Kent Archaeological Society is a registered charity number 223382
Kent Archaeological Society 26th August 2012

This website is constructed by enthusiastic amateurs. Any errors noticed by other researchers will be to gratefully received so
 that we can amend our pages to give as accurate a record as possible. Please send details too research@kentarchaeology.org.uk