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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 79    1964  pages 126

Excavations at Eccles, 1963: Second Interim Report.
By A. P. Detsicas, M.A., F.S.A. Scot

feature fairly usual in such rooms; its praefurnium no doubt lies further to the south-west in the area beyond the present excavation.12
  
Room 38,—small apsidal room (10 ft. at its widest and 4 ft. in maximum depth), opens off Room 39. Its wall was 2 ft. thick and built entirely of bonding-tiles set with bright yellow mortar, which was also used to render both the inner and outer faces of the wall (Plate III); some ragstone was also found in situ on the uppermost course of tiles which clearly suggests that, at a higher level, the construction was of ragstone and mortar. This room had been floored with yellow mortar compacted to the consistency of opus signinum, without any traces of pilae, and it is very probable that it was not hypocausted; it may have contained a hot-water basin (labrum) but, owing to the thorough demolition of this room, it is not possible to say what was the height of an upper floor. It would seem that, in the original plan of the bath building, Rooms 38 and 39 formed one single unit, and were later separated by the construction of a wall, 1 ft. 6 in. wide and of ragstone in orange-coloured mortar, built across the opening of Room 38.
   The south-east wall of the bath building continues to the south-west beyond the part of Room 39 so far excavated and so does the opus signinum floor with its traces of mortar for pilae, suggesting that Room 39 was a fairly large hot room.
   In this area some sections of walls have been exposed which, structurally, antedate the building of Room 39, as does a drainage system which is probably connected with the early drain found under structures of Period III in 1962 and traced only as far as the east corner of Room 19.13 However, the area in which these features were first encountered at the very end of the excavation was so restricted that their examination had to be postponed.

(b) The Living Quarters
  
The general area of the villa's living quarters in this first period is thought to lie north-west and west of the bath building, but the evidence recovered so far is so slight that little of a positive nature can be reported.
   A few trial trenches yielded evidence of two successive opus signinum floors in the area beyond Rooms 32 and 35; the pottery sealed under these floors is generally of the same types and fabrics as found in comparable layers in the bath building area. A section of wall was associated with these opus signinum floors, but it was found completely robbed out; no other structural evidence was recovered in this area.
   12 Confirmed in 1964.
    13 Arch. Cant., lxxviii (1963), 128.

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